Bernalar dalam Lingkaran?: Menjawab Problem Sirkularitas Doktrin Kesaksian Internal Roh Kudus

Circular Reasoning?: Answering the Problem of Circularity in the Doctrine of Internal Witness of the Holy Spirit

  • Thio Christian Sulistio Sekolah Tinggi Teologi SAAT
Keywords: kesaksian, Roh Kudus, sirkularitas, sirkularitas epistemik, subyektivisme, testimony, Holy Spirit, circularity, epistemic circularity, subjectivism

Abstract

Doktrin kesaksian internal Roh Kudus adalah doktrin yang digunakan oleh John Calvin untuk menjelaskan mengapa orang Kristen dapat memercayai Alkitab sebagai firman Allah. Namun doktrin ini tidak luput dari problem khususnya berkaitan dengan problem penalaran sirkular, subyektivisme, dan dianggap mengabaikan peran argumen dan bukti. Paper ini berupaya menjawab problem-problem tersebut dengan pertama memaparkan natur dan mekanisme kesaksian internal Roh Kudus. Kedua, menjawab problem-problem tersebut dengan menggunakan konsep pengetahuan bertingkat dan mengakui keberadaan sirkularitas epistemik. Dengan bantuan konsep-konsep tersebut penulis menunjukkan bahwa problem-problem tersebut dapat dijawab dengan baik.

The doctrine of the internal testimony of the Holy Spirit was used by John Calvin to explain why Christians can believe in the Bible as the word of God. However, this doctrine is not free from problems especially related to the problem of circular reasoning, subjectivism, and is considered to ignore evidence and arguments. This paper tries to answer these problems by first discussing the nature and mechanism of the internal testimony of the Holy Spirit. Secondly, it attempts to answer these problems by using the concept of multilevel knowledge and acknowledging the existence of epistemic circularity. With the help of these concepts, the author will show that these problems can be answered well.

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Published
2020-11-19
How to Cite
Sulistio, Thio. “Bernalar Dalam Lingkaran?: Menjawab Problem Sirkularitas Doktrin Kesaksian Internal Roh Kudus”. Veritas: Jurnal Teologi dan Pelayanan 19, no. 2 (November 19, 2020): 169-187. Accessed November 27, 2020. https://ojs.seabs.ac.id/index.php/Veritas/article/view/380.
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Articles