Hermeneutika Peleburan Dua Horizon Anthony Thiselton dan Tantangan dari Antropologi Lintas Budaya

  • Ferry Yefta Mamahit Sekolah Tinggi Teologi SAAT
Keywords: Anthony Thiselton, Hermeneutika alkitabiah, Peleburan-peleburan horizon, Kompleksitas konteks budaya, Hermeneutika kontekstual

Abstract

Masalah klasik dalam hermeneutika alkitabiah adalah bagaimana menjembatani kesenjangan antara teks Alkitab yang berkonteks budaya kuno dan pembacanya yang berkonteks budaya modern. Salah satu pendekatan yang diajukan untuk mengatasi persoalan tersebut adalah model peleburan horizon-horizon (the fusions of horizons), yang kemudian dikembangkan oleh Anthony Thiselton dengan peleburan dua horizonnya (the fusions of two horizons). Meski pendekatan hermeneutis yang dilakukan oleh Thiselton sangat komprehensif dan serius dalam menjembatani kesenjangan ini, pendekatan konteks berkultur tunggalnya (baca: budaya Barat) ini belum dapat menjawab tantangan dari antropologi lintas-budaya, khususnya kompleksitas konteks budaya pembaca modern yang berkarakter beragam, berlapis dan bersilang. Jadi, pendekatan ini perlu mempertimbangkan pendekatan hermeneutis yang lebih sensitif terhadap kompleksitas tersebut sebagai tambahan atau pelengkap pendekatan peleburan horizon-horizon (addenda hermeneutica).         

 

Kata-kata Kunci: Anthony Thiselton, hermeneutika alkitabiah, peleburan-peleburan horizon, kompleksitas konteks budaya, hermeneutika kontekstual

 

English :
The classic problem in biblical hermeneutics is how to bridge the gap between the ancient cultural context of the biblical texts and the modern cultural context of the reader. One of the approaches proposed to deal with this issue is the model of the fusion of horizons that is later on developed by Anthony Thiselton with his fusions of two horizons. Albeit comprehensive and severe in bridging the gap, his mono-cultural (Western) approach to the context has not yet answered the challenge from cross-cultural anthropology, especially the complexity of the culture of the modern reader characterized by varied, multi-layered and cross-culturally. The approach thus needs to consider a hermeneutical approach that is more sensitive to that complexity as addition into or compliment to the fusions of horizons approach (addenda hermeneutica).

  

Keywords: Anthony Thiselton, biblical hermeneutics, the fusions of horizons, the complexity of cultural context, contextual hermeneutics

Author Biography

Ferry Yefta Mamahit, Sekolah Tinggi Teologi SAAT

Penulis adalah dosen hermeneutika dan Perjanjian Lama di STT SAAT Malang

References

Archer, Kenneth. “Horizons and Hermeneutics of Doctrine: A Review Essay.” Journal of Pentecostal Theology 18, No. 1 (2009): 150-156.

Bartholomew, Craig. Introducing Biblical Hermeneutics: A Comprehensive Work for Hearing God in the Scripture. Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2015.

Butmann, Rudolf. Kerygma and Myth, diterjemahkan oleh Hans Werner Bartsch. New York: Harper and Row, 1961.

Butmann, Rudolf. New Testament and Mythology, diedit dan diterjemahkan oleh Schubert M. Ogden. Philadelphia: Fortress, 1984.

Caldwell, Larry. “Third Horizon Ethnohermeneutics: Re-evaluating New Testament Hermeneutical Models for Intercultural Bible Interpreters Today.” Asia Journal of Theology 1, No. 1 (1987): 314-333.

Caldwell, Larry. “Cross-cultural Bible Interpretation: A View from the Field.” Phronesis 3, No. 1 (1996): 13-35.

Caldwell, Larry. “Toward a New Discipline of Ethnohermeneutics: Questioning the Relevancy of Western Hermeneutical Methods in the Asian Context,” Journal of Asian Mission 1, No. 1 (1999): 21-43.

Caldwell, Larry. “Toward Ethnohermenuetics: Contextualization 2.0 and Beyond,” Didaktikos Journal (2018): 37-38.

Carson, D. A. “Church and Mission: Reflections on Contextualization and the Third Horizon.” Dalam The Church in the Bible and in the World: An International Study, diedit oleh D. A. Carson, 213-345. Exeter-Grand Rapids: Paternoster-Baker, 1987.

Chow, Wilson. “Biblical Foundation: An East Asian Study.” Evangelical Review of Theology 7, No. 1 (1983): 34-47.

Erickson, Millard. Evangelical Interpretation: Perspectives on Hermeneutical Issues. Grand Rapids: Baker, 1993.

Gadamer, Hans-Georg Gadamer. Truth and Method. Trans. Garrett Broden and John Cumming. 2nd Edition. New York: Continuum, 2004.

Hesselgrave, David. Communicating Christ Cross-Culturally: An Introduction to Missionary Communication. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1978.

Holter, Knut. “When Biblical Scholar Talks about ‘Global’ Biblical Interpretation.” Dalam Global Hermeneutics: Reflections and Consequences, diedit oleh Knut Holter dan Lois Jonker, 85-93. Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature, 2010.

Janz, Bruce. “Hermeneutics and Intercultural Understanding.” Dalam Routledge Compnaion to Hermeneutics,” diedit oleh Jeff Malpas dan Hans-Helmuth Gander, 474-485. London and New York: Routledge, 2015.

Kaiser, Walter, Jr. and Silva, Moisés. An Introduction to Biblical Hermeneutics: The Search for Meaning. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1994.

Klein, William L., Blomberg, Craig L., and Hubbard, Robert L. Introduction to Biblical Interpretation. Dallas-London-Vancouver-Melbourne: Word, 1993.

Kraft, Charles H. “Towards A Christian Ethnotheology.” Dalam God, Man, and Chruch Growth, diedit oleh Alan R. Tippett, 109-126. Grand Rapids: Eerdmands, 1973.

McKnight, Edgar. “Old and New Horizons in Hermeneutics: Anthony C. Thiselton on Contemporary Developments in Hermeneutic: A Review Article.” Perspectives in Religious Studies 20, No. 3 (1997): 289-302.

Merwe, Dirk van der. “Reading the Bible in the 21st Century: Some Hermeneutical Principle-Part 2.” Verbum et Ecclesia 36, No. 1 (2015): 1-7.

Morgan, Robert. “Thiselton on Bultmann’s Sachkritik.” Dalam Horizons in Hermeneutics: A Festschrift in Honor of Anthony C. Thiselton, diedit oleh Stanley Porter dan Matthew Malcolm, 32-50. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2013.

Osborne, Grant. The Hermeneutical Spiral: A Comprehensive Introduction to Biblical Interpretation. Downers Grove: InterVarsity, 1991.

Pennenberg, Wolfhart. Basic Questions in Theology. London: SCM, 1970.

Romer, Inga. “Method.” Dalam Blackwell Companion to Hermeneutics, diedit oleh Niall Keane dan Chris Lawn, 86-95. Chicester: Wiley-Blackwell, 2016.

Schineller, Peter. A Handbook on Inculturation. New York: Paulist, 1990.

Seto, Wing-Luk Seto, “An Asian Looks at Contextualization and Developing Ethnotheologies.” Evangelical Missionary Quarterly 23, No. 2 (1987): 138-141.

Taylor, Mark. Deconstructing Theology. Chico: Scholar, 1982.

Thiselton. Anthony. The Two Horizons: New Testament Hermeneutics and Philosophical Description. Exeter: Paternoster, 1981.

Thiselton. Anthony. “The New Hermeneutic.” Dalam The New Testament Interpretations: Essays on Principles and Methods, diedit oleh I. Howard Marshall, 308-333. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1977.

Thiselton. Anthony. “The New Hermeneutic.” Dalam A Guide to Contemporary Hermeneutics: Major Trends in Biblical Interpretation, diedit oleh Donald McKim, 78-107. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1986.

Thiselton. Anthony. The New Horizons in Hermeneutics: The Theory and Practice of Transforming Biblical Reading. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1992.

Thiselton. Anthony. “The Bible and Today's Readers: ‘The Two Horizons’ and ‘Pre-Understan-ding.’” Dalam Thiselton on Hermeneutics: Collected Works and New Essays, diedit oleh Anthony Thiselton, 441-463. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2006.

Thiselton. Anthony. Hermeneutics of Doctrine. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2007.

Whiteman, Darell. “Contextualization: The Theory, the Gap, the Challenge.” International Bulletin of Missionary Research 21, No. 1 (1997): 2-7

Published
2019-09-20
How to Cite
Mamahit, F. (2019). Hermeneutika Peleburan Dua Horizon Anthony Thiselton dan Tantangan dari Antropologi Lintas Budaya. Veritas: Jurnal Teologi Dan Pelayanan, 18(1), 31-43. https://doi.org/10.36421/veritas.v18i1.320
Section
Articles