The Surviving Church: Kairos and Eschatology in Paul Tillich and Raimon Panikkar and Postpandemic Ecclesiology




Ecclesiology, Surviving Church, COVID-19, Eschatology, Kairos, Paul Tillich, Raimon Panikkar


This research investigates the relationship between the biblical notion of kairos, eschatology, and ecclesiology amid the struggle for survival in the postpandemic life. Drawing upon Paul Tillich and Raimon Panikkar, this article sketches a postpandemic ecclesiology called “kairotic ecclesiology.” The church must understand that it exists as a community that participates in, loves, and transforms life. Because of its indissoluble relation to history and reality, a kairotic community loves and defends life. This kairotic ecclesiology is an ontological search for the church to say “Yes” to life and “No” to death. Firstly, this article sketches kairos in Tillich and Panikkar. Then, this article sketches what I call the ecclesiology of survival, an ecclesiology characterized by resilience, interrelation, and irruption. Finally, I shall draw ethical implications for postpandemic churches.


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How to Cite

Sasongko, Nindyo. “The Surviving Church: Kairos and Eschatology in Paul Tillich and Raimon Panikkar and Postpandemic Ecclesiology”. Veritas: Jurnal Teologi dan Pelayanan 21, no. 2 (December 31, 2022): 161–178. Accessed June 18, 2024.



Special Themes: (Re)Imagining the Church in a Postpandemic Era