The Concept of Biblical Authority in the Face of Textual Error Facts: A Theological Discussion
Keywords:The Certainty of the Text Meaning, Textual Criticism, Textual Error, Bible Authority
The field of Textual Criticism of the Bible has highlighted that various OT and NT manuscripts contain textual errors in the original apographs. These errors indicate a problem: in the face of various existing textual errors, does the Bible still have authority? Opponents of Biblical authority conclude that we cannot trust the text because of the serious nature of the textual problems. Proponents of Biblical authority take the opposite view and defend the authority of the Scriptures. Proponents argue that there is certainty regarding the meaning of the Bible despite its many textual errors. This is due to the fact that the textual changes do not significantly impact the meaning of the text. Additionally, the numerous textual variants of available manuscripts provide us with an inter-verifying process to ascertain the meaning of the text. Moreover, the impossibility of scribal conspiration signifies historical reference and value within the text. The certainty of the meaning of the text has implications for the certainty of biblical authority. Finally, the author concludes that though there are textual errors within the Bible they do not negate the authority of the Bible.
Aland, Kurt, Barbara Aland, Johannes Karavidopoulos, dan C. M. Martini, ed. Nestle-Aland: Novum Testamentum Graece. Ed ke-27. Stuttgart: Bibelgesellschaft, 2006.
Beale, Gregory K. “Can the Bible Completely Inspered by God and Yet Still Contain Errors? A Response to Some Recent ‘Evangelical’ Proposals.” Westminster Theological Journal 73, no. 1 (Spring 2011): 1-22.
Brotzman, Ellis. Old Testament Textual Criticism: A Practical Introduction. Grand Rapids: Baker, 2006.
Collins, John J. The Bible after Babel. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2005.
Ehrman, Bart D. Misquoting Jesus: The Story behind Who Changed the Bible and Why. New York: HarperOne, 2007.
Elliger, Karl dan Wilhelm Rudolph, ed. Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia. Stuttgart: Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft, 1987.
Fee, Gordon D. New Testament Exegesis. Louisville: Westminster John Knox, 2002.
Ferguson, Paul. “The Battle over Presupposition on the Textual Issue.” The Burning Bush 16, no. 1 (January 2010): 22-45.
Frame, John M. The Doctrine of the Word of God. Phillipsburg: P&R, 2010.
Geisler, Norman L. dan William E. Nix. A General Introduction to the Bible. Chicago: Moody, 1986.
Geisler, Norman L. dan Thomas A. Howe. Making Sense of Bible Difficulties. Grand Rapids: Baker, 2009.
Ginsburg, Christian D. Introduction to the Massoretico-Critical Edition of the Hebrew Bible. New York: Ktav, 1966.
Khoo, Jeffrey. “A Plea for A Perfect Bible.” The Burning Bush 9, no. 1 (January 2003): 1-15.
Khoo, Jeffrey. “Can Verbal Plenary Inspiration Do Without Verbal Plenary Preservation? The Achilles Heel of Princeton Bibliology.” The Burning Bush 13, no. 1 (January 2007): 25-43.
Khoo, Jeffrey. “Inspiration, Preservation, and Translations: In Search of the Biblical Identity of the Bible – Presbyterian Church.” The Burning Bush 13, no. 1 (January 2007): 1-24.
Khoo, Jeffrey. “John Owen on the Perfect Bible.” The Burning Bush 10, no. 2 (July 2004): 74-85.
Khoo, Jeffrey. “Lost Word in Our Bible?” The Burning Bush 13, no. 1 (January 2007): 44-49.
McDonald, Lee M. “Where Lies Authority? A Discussion of Books, Texts, and Translations.” Dalam Exploring the Origins of the Bible: Canon Formation in Historical, Literary, and Theological Perspective, diedit oleh Craig A. Evans dan Emanuel Tov, 203-253. Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2008.
Metzger, Bruce M. dan Bart D. Ehrman. The Text of the New Testament: Its Transmission, Corruption, and Restoration. Ed. ke-4. Oxford: Oxford University, 2005.
Morris, Leon. The Gospel According to Matthew. PNTC. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1992.
Nolland, John. The Gospel According to Matthew. NIGTC. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2005.
Proctor, Mark A. "The ‘Western’ Text of Mark 1:41: A Case for the Angry Jesus." Ph.D. diss., Baylor University, 1999.
Sakenfeld, Katharine D. “Whose Text Is It?” Journal of Biblical Literature 127, no. 1 (Spring 2008): 5-18. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/25610103
Smith, Christian. The Bible Made Impossible: Why Biblicalism Is Not a Truly Evangelical Reading of Scripture. Grand Rapids: Brazos, 2012.
Sproul, Robert C. Essential Truth of the Christian Faith. Illinois: Tyndale, 1992.
Van Til, Cornelius. An Introduction to Systematic Theology. Diedit oleh William Edgar; Phillipsburg: P&R, 2007.
Wallace, Daniel B. “Lost in Transmission: How Badly Did the Scribes Corrupt the New Testament Text?” Dalam Revisiting the Corruption of the New Testament: Manuscript, Patristic, and Apocryphal Evidence, diedit oleh Daniel B. Wallace, 19-55. Grand Rapids: Kregel, 2011.
Wallace, Daniel B. “The Gospel According to Bart: A Review Article of Misquoting Jesus by Bart Ehrman.” Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 49, no. 2 (June 2006): 327-349.
Wilkins, Michael J. Matthew. NIVAC. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2004.
Wright, Nicholas T. “How Can the Bible Be Authoritative?” Vox Evangelica 21 (1991): 7-32, http://ntwrightpage.com/Wright_Bible_Authoritative.htm. Diakses pada 14 Oktober 2014.
Wright, Nicholas T. The Last Word: Scripture and the Authority of God – Getting beyond the Bible Wars. New York: HarperCollins, 2005.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2017 Yudi Jatmiko
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.