Hellenized Jews for the Greek Word Ἑλληνιστὰι in the Indonesian Bible: A Semantic Study

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.36421/veritas.v21i1.544

Keywords:

Hellenized Jews, Greek, Jew, Acts, Vulgate, Bible Translation

Abstract

The meaning of the neologism Ἑλληνιστὰι in the New Testament (Acts 6:1; 9:29; 11:20), although only three times, is not as simple as one might think. The Indonesian Bible (TB, BIMK) defines its first two usages as linguistic differences (“Greek-speaking Jews”). The third usage is not even clear whether it is the category of descent (“Greeks”) or religious (“non-Jewish peo­ple”). There is a tendency for Ἑλληνιστὰι to be translated non-uniformly, but there is also a uniformity. In the context of this word study, the first step is to determine Ἕλληνες as the root and origin of Ἑλληνιστὰι. Since the semantic meaning of Ἕλληνες includes Greeks by descent and Greeks culturally, the second step is to examine the consistency of the differentiation of Graeci and gentiles in the Vulgate for both Greekishness. The fact that Ἑλληνιστὰι trans­lations are so varied makes the final step nec­essary, namely to reinterpret the word in its context. As a result, neologism is needed for Indonesian vocabulary: “Helenis” (or Hellenist) for cultural Ἕλληνες and “Yahudi Helenis” (or Hellenized Jews) for Ἑλληνιστὰι.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Adamson, James. The Epistle of James. New International Commentary on the New Testament. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1976.

Allen, Leslie C. Ezekiel 20–48. Word Biblical Commentary 29. Waco: Word, 1990.

Barr, James. The Semantics of Biblical Language. London: SCM, 1991.

Bauer, Walter. A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament and Other Early Christian Literature. Diedit oleh Frederick W. Danker. Ed. ke-4. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2021.

Blenkinsopp, Joseph. Isaiah 56–66. Anchor Bible 19B. New York: Doubleday, 2003. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5040/9780300261318

Bruce, F.F. The Acts of the Apostles: Greek Text with Introduction and Commentary. Ed. revisi. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1990.

Bruce, F.F. The Book of Acts. New International Commentary on the New Testament. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1986.

Buttrick, George A. Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible. 4 vol. Nashville: Abingdon, 1962.

Cotterell, Peter dan Max Turner. Linguistics and Biblical Interpretation. Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 1989.

Crim, Keith, ed. Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible: Supplementary Volume. Nashville: Abingdon, 1976.

Dillon, Richard J. “Acts of the Apostles.” Dalam The New Jerome Biblical Com-men¬tary, diedit oleh Raymond E. Brown, Joseph A. Fitzmyer, dan Roland E. Murphy, 722–767. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall, 1990.

Dillon, Richard J. dan Joseph A. Fitzmyer. “Acts of the Apostles.” Dalam The Jerome Biblical Commentary, diedit oleh Raymond E. Brown, Joseph A. Fitzmyer, dan Roland E. Murphy, 2:165–214. London: Geoffrey Chapman, 1969.

Drewes, B.F. Kisah Para Rasul. Tafsiran Alkitab. Jakarta: Gunung Mulia, 2014.

Drewes, B.F., Wilfrid Haubeck, dan Heinrich von Siebenthal. Kunci Bahasa Yunani Perjanjian Baru: Kitab Injil Matius hingga Kitab Kisah Para Rasul. Jakarta: Gunung Mulia, 2010.

Durant, Will. The Life of Greece. The Story of Civilization: Part II. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1939.

Epp, Eldon Jay dan Gordon D. Fee. Studies in the Theory and Method of New Testament Textual Criticism. Studies and Documents 45. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1993.

Ferguson, Everett. “The Hellenists in the Book of Acts.” Restoration Quarterly 12, no. 4 (1969): 159–180.

Finger, Reta Halteman. Of Widows and Meals: Communal Meals in the Book of Acts. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2007.

Fitzmyer, Joseph A. The Acts of the Apostles. Anchor Bible 31. New York: Doubleday, 1998.

Freedman, David N., ed. Anchor Bible Dictionary. 6 vol. New York: Doubleday, 1992

Freeman, Charles. A New History of Early Christianity. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2009.

Grant, Michael. The Rise of the Greeks. London: Phoenix, 2001.

Hengel, Martin. Acts and the History of Earliest Christianity. Terj. John Bowden. Philadelphia: Fortress, 1980.

Holladay, Carl R. Acts: A Commentary. New Testament Library. Louisville: Westminster John Knox, 2016.

Kittel, Gerhard, ed. Theological Dictionary of the New Testament. 10 vol. Diterjemahkan oleh Geoffrey W. Bromiley. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1964–1976

Lightfoot, J.B. The Acts of the Apostles: A Newly Discovered Commentary. Lightfoot Legacy 1. Diedit oleh Ben Witherington dan Todd D. Still. Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 2014.

Lüdemann, Gerd. Early Christianity according to Traditions in Acts: A Commentary. Diterjemahkan oleh John Bowden. Lon-don: SCM, 1989.

Müller, Jac. J. The Epistle of Paul to the Philip¬pians. New International Commen-tary on the New Testament. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1984.

Munck, Johannes. The Acts of the Apostles. Anchor Bible 31. Direvisi oleh William F. Albright dan C.S. Mann. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1967.

Osborne, Grant R. Acts: Verse by Verse. Osborne New Testament Commentaries. Bellingham: Lexham, 2019.

Parsons, Mikeal C. Acts. Paidea Commentaries on the New Testament. Grand Rapids: Baker, 2008.

Plato. The Dialogues of Plato. Terj. R.E. Allen. Vol. 1. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1984.

Prent, K., J. Adisubrata, dan W.J.S. Poerwadarminta. Kamus Latin–Indonesia. Semarang: Kanisius, 1969.

Ridderbos, Herman N. The Epistle of Paul to the Churches of Galatia. New International Commentary on the New Testament. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1984.

Robbins, Vernon K. “The Social Location of the Implied Author of Luke-Acts.” Dalam The Social World of Luke-Acts: Models for Interpretation, diedit oleh Jerome H. Neyrey, 305–320, Peabody: Hendrickson, 1991.

Toynbee, Arnold. Greek Historical Thought: From Homer to the Age of Heraclitus. New York: New American Library, 1952.

Tyson, Joseph B. “Acts 6:1–7 and Dietary Regu¬lations in Early Christianity.” Per-spec¬¬tives in Religious Studies 10, no. 2 (1983): 145–161.

Werblowsky, R.J. Zwi dan G. Wigoder, ed. Oxford Dictionary of the Jewish Religion. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997

Witherington, Ben. The Acts of the Apostles: A Socio-Rhetorical Commentary. Grand Ra¬-pids: Eerdmans, 1998.

Yakubu, Michael Alani. “Dynamics in Acts 6:1–7, Their Spiritual and Political Im-pacts: Lessons for Today’s Church.” Practical Theology 12 (2019): 99–116.

Published

08-09-2022

How to Cite

Karman, Yonky. “Hellenized Jews for the Greek Word Ἑλληνιστὰι in the Indonesian Bible: A Semantic Study”. Veritas: Jurnal Teologi dan Pelayanan 21, no. 1 (September 8, 2022): 65–78. Accessed October 4, 2022. https://ojs.seabs.ac.id/index.php/Veritas/article/view/544.

Issue

Section

Articles