Realizing Lausanne’s Holistic Mission in the Context of Poverty in Indonesia

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.36421/veritas.v20i2.491

Keywords:

poverty in Indonesia, holistic mission, Evangelicalism , Lausanne Covenant, Manila Manifesto, The Cape Town Commitment

Abstract

Poverty is a latent and global social problem in Indonesia. The outbreak of the Covid-19 that hit the world and Indonesia in early 2020 resulted in an economic recession in Indonesia. In this social context, the evangelicals in Indonesia have not taken this problem seriously. Despite that ignorance regarding the issue of poverty, there have been significant changes in the Lausanne Movement, which is reflected in three documents from this movement, Lausanne Covenant, Manila Manifesto, and The Cape Town Commitment. Considering this background, the authors use the point of view of the Lausanne Movement to invite the Indonesian evangelicals to see the context of poverty as an essential factor that must be included in their theological commitment. Furthermore, this article is meant to serve as a theological trigger for the evangelicals in Indonesia to reconsider the significance of their role in the public sphere, particularly in addressing the issue of poverty. Finally, the article’s contribution is three theological points that might be proposals for the Evangelicals in Indonesia to carry out God’s holistic mission for social transformation in the society. The authors propose three theological principles based on the three documents of the Lausanne Movement to inspire Evangelicals in Indonesia to carry out God’s mission for the holistic transformation of society; that is, Gods mission is understood in terms of the wholeness of Gods creation, focused on humanity, and made possible only by the redemptive act of Jesus Christ. 

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Berneburg, Erhard. “Conference Theology: Mission Theology after San Antonio and Manila.” Themelios (An International Journal for Theological and Religious Studies Students) 16, no. 2 (February 1991).

Bilangan Research Center, “Pelayanan dan Dinamika Gereja Selama Pandemi Covid-19,” presented in online seminar on National Survey Findings, June 2020.

Bilangan Research Center, “Spiritualitas Umat Kristen Indonesia 2021,” presented in the online seminar on the results of the 2021 National Spirituality Survey Deepening, June 2021.

Bonk, Jonathan J. “The Cape Town Commitment: A Confession on Faith and a Call to Action.” International Bulletin of Missionary Research 35, no. 2 (April 2011): 59–80.

Cairns, Earle E. The Christian in Society: Biblical and Historical Percepts for Involvement Today. Chicago: Moody, 1973.

Cameron, J. E. M., ed. Christ Our Reconciler: Gospel, Church, World. Downers Grove: InterVarsity, 2012.

Coote, Robert T. “Lausanne II and World Evangelization.” International Bulletin of Missionary Research 14, no. 1 (Januari 1990): 10. https://doi.org/10.1177/239693939001400103.

Djurubasa, Arkipus, and Ricardo Freedom Nanuru. “Pemetaan Dan Strategi Pemberdayaan Pengentasan Kemiskinan Pada Jemaat – Jemaat Gereja Masehi Injili Di Halmahera (GMIH) Di Kabupaten Pulau Morotai.” LPPM Universitas Halmahera – Tobelo (2015): 1–16.

Dowsett, Rose. “Evangelism, Service and Social Action in the Missional Understanding of the Cape Town Commitment.” Norwegian Journal of Missiology 71, no. 4 (2017): 45–53. https://doi.org/10.48626/ntm.v71i4.4401.

Dowsett, Rose. The Cape Town Commitment: Study Edition. Peabody: Hendrickson, 2012.

Escobar, Samuel. “A Movement Divided: Three Approaches to World Evangelization Stand in Tension Wit One Another.” Transformation 8, no. 4 (Oktober 1991): 7–13. https://doi.org/10.1177/026537889100800409.

Firdausy, Carunia Mulya. “Garis Kemiskinan Perlu Dinaikkan.” Kompas, 17 Oktober 2014. Diakses 7 November 2019. https://www.brin.go.id/garis-kemiskinan-perlu-dinaikkan.

Firdausy, Carunia Mulya. “Revisi Atas Garis Kemiskinan.” Harian Kompas, 21 April 2014. Diakses 7 November 2019. https://cpps.ugm.ac.id/revisi-atas-garis-kemiskinan/.

Gill, Athol. “Christian Social Responsibility.” In The New Face of Evangelicalism: An International Symposium on the Lausanne Covenant, edited by Rene C. Padilla. Downers Grove: InterVarsity, 1976.

Graham, Billy. “Let The Faith Hear His Voice.” In Let the Earth Hear His Voice: A Comprehensive Reference Volume on World Evangelization, edited by J D. Douglas. Minneapolis: World Wide, 1975.

Grudem, Wayne. Systematic Theology: An Introduction to Biblical Doctrine. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1994.

Hendro Suwito. “Nightmares continue for Indonesia’s Poor.” Global Future: A World Vision Journal of Human Development (First Quarter 2001): 9–10.

Hessel, Dieter T. Reconciliation and Conflict: Church Controversy over Social Involvement. Philadelphia: Westminster, 1969.

Johnston, Arthur, ed. The Battle for World Evangelism. Wheaton: Tyndale, 1978.

Ladd, G.E. “The Gospel of the Kingdom.” In Perspectives on the World Christian Movement: A Reader, edited by Ralph D. Winter and Steven C. Hawthorne, chapter 13. Pasadena: William Carey Library, 2009.

Maggay, Melba Padilla. Transformasi Masyarakat: Refleksi Keterlibatan Sosial Kristen. Edited by Johan Hasan. Translated by Yohanes Somawiharja. Jakarta: PT. Ergon Radix Integrita, 2004.

Myers, Bryant L. Walking with the Poor: Principles and Practices of Transformational Development. Maryknoll: Orbis Books, 2007.

Nichols, Alan. The Whole Gospel for the Whole World: Story of Lausanne II Congress on World Evangelization, Manila, 1989. Charlotte: Lausanne Committee for World Evangelization, 1989.

Noll, Mark A., ed. Turning Points: Decisive Moments in the History of Christianity. Third edition. Grand Rapids: Baker, 2012.

Nurwati, Nunung. “Kemiskinan: Model Pengukuran, Permasalahan Dan Alternatif Kebijakan.” Jurnal Kependudukan Padjadjaran 10, no. 1 (2008): 1–11. https://jurnal.unpad.ac.id/kependudukan/article/view/doc1.

Padilla, Rene C. “From Lausanne I to Lausanne III.” Journal of Latin American Theology 5, no. 2 (2010): 19–50.

Padilla, Rene C. “The Future of the Lausanne Movement.” International Bulletin of Missionary Research 35, no. 2 (April 2011): 86–87. https://doi.org/10.1177/239693931103500204.

Ridderbos, Herman N. The Coming of the Kingdom. Edited by Raymond O. Zorn. Translated by H. de Jongste. Philadelphia: Presbyterian and Reformed, 1962.

Russell, Mark. “Christian Mission Is Holistic.” International Journal of Frontier Missiology 25, no. 2 (2008): 93–98.

Samuel, Vinay, and Chris Sugden. Evangelicals and Development: Toward a Theology of Social Change, edited by Ronald J. Sider. Philadelphia: Westminster, 1981.

Scherer, James A., and Stephen B. Bevans. New Directions in Mission and Evangelization: Basic Statements 1974-1991. Vol. 1. Maryknoll: Orbis, 1992.

Schreiter, Robert J. “From Lausanne Covenant to the Cape Town Commitment: A Theological Assessment.” International Bulletin of Missionary Research 35, no. 2 (April 2011): 88–93. https://doi.org/10.1177/239693931103500205.

Sinulingga, Risnawaty. “Ekonomi Kerakyatan Menurut Kitab Amsal.” In Ekonomi Kerakyatan, edited by Muhammad Ridwan, 51–62. Jakarta: Lembaga Suluh Nusantara/American Institute for Indonesian Studies, 2014.

Steuernagel, Valdir R. “Social Concern and Evangelization: The Journey of the Lausanne Movement.” International Bulletin of Missionary Research 15, no. 2 (April 1991): 53–56. https://doi.org/10.1177/239693939101500202.

Stott, John R.W. “The Significance of Lausanne.” International Review of Mission 64, no. 255 (Juli 1975): 288–294.

Stott, John R.W. Christian Counter-Culture: The Message Of The Sermon On The Mount. Downers Grove: InterVarsity, 1978.

Stott, John R.W. The Spirit, the Church, and the World: The Message of Acts. Downers Grove: InterVarsity, 1990.

Stott, John R.W. Christian Basics. Grand Rapids: Baker, 1991.

Stott, John R.W. The Contemporary Christian. Leicester: InterVarsity, 1993.

Stott, John R.W. Romans: God’s Good News for the World. Downers Grove: InterVarsity, 1994.

Stott, John R.W., and Timothy Dudley-Smith, ed., Authentic Christianity: From the Writings of John Stott. Downers Grove: InterVarsity, 1996.

Stott, John R.W. Guard the Truth: The Message of 1 Timothy and Titus. Downers Grove: InterVarsity, 1997.

Stott, John R.W. Making Christ Known: Historic Mission Documents from the Lausanne Movement, 1974–1999. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1997.

Suryahadi, Asep, Ridho Al Izzati, and Daniel Suryadarma. “Estimating the Impact of Covid-19 on Poverty in Indonesia.” Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies 56, no. 2 (2020): 175–192.

Tim Peneliti ICDS. “Gereja Dan Kemiskinan: Suatu Survei Tentang Respon Gereja Kalangan Injili Di Kota Jakarta Dan Bandung Terhadap Masalah Kemiskinan.” Jurnal Studi Pembangunan, Kemasyarakatan & Lingkungan 4, no. 1 (2002): 5–20.

Van der Watt, Gideon. “‘… But the Poor Opted for Evangelicals’—Evangelicals, Poverty and Prosperity.” Acta Theologica 16 (2012): 35–53. http://doi.org/10.4314/actat.v32i1S.3.

Wallace, Ronald S. Calvin, Geneva, and the Reformation: A Study of Calvin as Social Reformer, Churchman, Pastor and Theologian. Grand Rapids: Baker Book House, 1990.

Webber, Robert E. Common Roots: A Call to Evangelical Maturity. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1982.

Wright, Christopher J.H., dan Jonathan J. Bonk, ed. “The Cape Town Commitment: A Confession of Faith and A Call to Action.” International Bulletin of Missionary Research 35, no. 2 (April 2011): 1–68. https://doi.org/10.1177/239693931103500202.

Wright, Christopher J.H. The Mission of God: Unlocking the Bible’s Grand Narrative. Downers Grove: InterVarsity, 2006.

Wuryandani, Dewi. “Dampak Pandemi Covid-19 Terhadap Pertumbuhan Ekonomi Indonesia 2020 dan Solusinya.” Info Singkat Bidang Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Publik: Kajian Singkat terhadap Isu Aktual dan Strategis XII, no. 15 (Agustus 2020): 19–24. Diakses 9 Maret 2021. https://berkas.dpr.go.id/puslit/files/info_singkat/Info%20Singkat-XII-15-I-P3DI-Agustus-2020-206.pdf.

Yewangoe, A.A. “Keprihatinan dan Harapan Gereja Terhadap Masalah Kemiskinan di Indonesia.” In Gerakan Oikumene: Tegar Mekar Di Bumi Pancasila. Ed. ke-4. Jakarta: Gunung Mulia, 2012.

Yosia, Adrianus. “Apakah yang Cape Town Perlu Katakan pada [Kaum Injili di] Indonesia?: Suatu Tinjauan dan Refleksi terhadap Komitmen Cape Town dan Implikasinya pada Kaum Injili di Indonesia.” Veritas: Jurnal Teologi dan Pelayanan 16, no. 2 (2017): 115–134. https://doi.org/10.36421/veritas.v16i2.13.

“The Lausanne Covenant.” Lausanne Movement. Agustus 1974. https:// lausanne.org/content/covenant/lausanne-covenant.

“The Manila Manifesto.” Lausanne Movement. https://lausanne.org/content/manifesto/the-manila-manifesto.

Published

30-12-2021

How to Cite

Anggreani, Friskilia Putri Diah, and Andreas Hauw. “Realizing Lausanne’s Holistic Mission in the Context of Poverty in Indonesia”. Veritas: Jurnal Teologi dan Pelayanan 20, no. 2 (December 30, 2021): 257–276. Accessed October 4, 2022. https://ojs.seabs.ac.id/index.php/Veritas/article/view/491.

Issue

Section

Articles