The Apostles and the Apostolic Church

  • Chandra Gunawan Theologische Universitait Kampen
Keywords: Religious Studies, Theological Analysis, Catholic Epistles, Jerusalem Tradition

Abstract

How should a contemporary reader understand the complexities of the early church? Many scholars utilize a religious studies perspective to understand the early church concluding that the church grew as a direct result (synthesis) of group conflicts (in particular, the Pauline and Petrine communities). This essay approaches the early church from a different paradigm. Using theological analysis, the author concludes that although the early church contained elements of diversity, she exhibits significant unity. The Catholic Epistles (the letters of James, Peter, John, and Jude) are independent letters that are interconnected by the Jerusalem tradition, and the theologies of these letters reflect the unique character of the early church. Therefore, it is important that NT scholars should give more attention to the Catholic Epistles so that the early church can be understood from a more constructive perspective.

Keywords: Religious Studies, Theological Analysis, Catholic Epistles, Jerusalem Tradition

 

Bahasa Indonesia :

Bagaimanakah pembaca masa kini memahami kompleksitas gereja mula-mula? Banyak ahli percaya bahwa gereja mula-mula, seperti pada umumnya perkembangan sebuah agama, bertumbuh melalui proses sintesis dari pertentangan antarkelompok dalamnya, yakni kelompok orang Kristen bukan Yahudi (yang diwakili oleh Paulus) dan kelompok orang Kristen, Yahudi (yang diwakili oleh Petrus dan Yakobus). Dalam artikel ini, penulis berupaya menunjukkan bahwa dalam komplesitasnya, gereja mula-mula tetap harmonis. Di sisi yang lain, artikel ini berusaha memperlihatkan pentingnya surat-surat umum dalam memahami gereja mula-mula. Surat-surat dari Yakobus, Petrus, Yohanes, dan Yudas memuat warisan ajaran dari para rasul, yakni para pemimpin gereja Yerusalem, yang menjadi pusat dari pergerakan gereja mula-mula. Pembaca modern perlu menggali surat-surat umum lebih lanjut untuk dapat lebih memahami ajaran dan pemikiran gereja mula-mula.

Kata-kata kunci: Studi Agama, Analisis Teologis, Surat-surat Umum, Tradisi Yerusalem

Author Biography

Chandra Gunawan, Theologische Universitait Kampen

Penulis adalah pendeta dari Gereja Kristen Immanuel jemaat Hosanna Bandung yang sedang mengambil studi doktoral dalam bidang Perjanjian Baru di Theologische Universitait Kampen (the Netherlands).

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Published
2017-06-01
How to Cite
Gunawan, Chandra. “The Apostles and the Apostolic Church”. Veritas: Jurnal Teologi dan Pelayanan 16, no. 1 (June 1, 2017): 67-90. Accessed July 16, 2020. https://ojs.seabs.ac.id/index.php/Veritas/article/view/11.
Section
Articles