Bilangan 5:11–31: Ritual Sotah sebagai Terobosan Budaya di Timur Tengah Kuno

Numbers 5:11–31: Sotah as a Cultural Breakthrough in the Ancient Near East

Authors

  • Steven Yong Sekolah Tinggi Teologi Reformed Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.36421/veritas.v20i1.471

Keywords:

Bilangan 5:11–31, Sotah, Zina, Timur Dekat Kuno, Seksisme, Numbers 5:11–31, Adultery, Ancient Near East, Sexism

Abstract

Bilangan 5:11­–31 dapat menimbulkan kecurigaan tentang adanya praktik seksisme, penindasan atau pelecehan terhadap wanita. Hal ini bisa dimengerti jika Mishnah menjadi rujukan yang kemudian dijadikan tolok ukur untuk menafsir bagian Alkitab terkait. Dari penggambaran Mishnah Sotah, wanita yang tertuduh melakukan zina dipermalukan dan diperlakukan hampir sama seperti seorang pelacur. Artikel ini berusaha untuk menunjukkan perspektif yang lain dalam mengerti ritual Sotah dalam Bilangan 5:11–31. Dengan menggunakan metode kajian sosiologis, artikel ini akan mengidentifikasi masalah sosiologis yang dituduhkan terhadap teks Bilangan tersebut berdasarkan penjelasan traktat Sotah dalam Mishnah. Kemudian, posisi wanita dalam dunia Timur Dekat Kuno akan dijelaskan berdasarkan konteks budayanya. Akhirnya, dengan menim­bang inferioritas wanita dalam dunia Timur Dekat Kuno dan perbandingan antara ritual Sotah dalam Alkitab dengan ritual sejenis dan setempat, maka artikel ini berargumen bahwa teks Bilangan 5:11–31 dapat dilihat sebagai terobosan budaya dalam membela wanita yang secara budaya pada masa itu dianggap sebagai kaum yang inferior.

Numbers 5:1131 could be interpreted as a kind of sexism and repression to women. In the Mishnaic tradition, the passages indeed are being understood and developed in such manner. From tractate Sotah in Mishnah, the suspected adulterous wife indeed is ashamed and treated as a prostitute. This article seeks to present another perspective on the passage. This article uses the sociological study method to identify the sociological problems alleged against the passage based on the explanation of the Sotah tractate in the Mishnah. Afterward, the inferior position of women in the ancient Near East will be explained as a cultural context to understand the passage better. Finally, considering this cultural context and comparing the Sotah ritual with the common rituals in the ancient Near East, this article argues that Numbers 5:11–31 could be seen as a cultural breakthrough to protect women, which are considered marginalized.

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References

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Published

14-07-2021

How to Cite

Yong, Steven. “Bilangan 5:11–31: Ritual Sotah Sebagai Terobosan Budaya Di Timur Tengah Kuno: Numbers 5:11–31: Sotah As a Cultural Breakthrough in the Ancient Near East”. Veritas: Jurnal Teologi dan Pelayanan 20, no. 1 (July 14, 2021): 125–136. Accessed September 18, 2021. https://ojs.seabs.ac.id/index.php/Veritas/article/view/471.

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