Bukti Penghakiman Allah Yang Adil di dalam 2 Tesalonika 1:3-10 Menurut Pendekatan Analisis Wacana

Evidence of God's Righteous Judgment in 2 Thessalonians 1:3-10 According to Discourse Analysis Approach

  • Alexander Darmawan Limasaputra Program Studi Magister Teologi Sekolah Tinggi Teologi Amanat Agung, Jakarta
Keywords: Allah yang Adil, Penghakiman, Penganiayaan, Pembalasan, Upah, Analisis Wacana, Righteous God, Judgment, Persecution, Retribution, Reward, Discourse analysis


Penghakiman Allah yang adil merupakan tema yang penting di dalam 2 Tesalonika. Tema ini memiliki keterkaitan dengan keadaan jemaat Tesalonika yang saat itu sedang terus-menerus mengalami penganiayaan. Makalah ini akan memaparkan bagaimana Paulus mengembangkan tema penghakiman Allah yang adil di 2 Tesalonika 1:3-10 menurut pendekatan Analisis Wacana. Makalah ini juga akan memaparkan bahwa Allah adalah adil dan Allah akan menghakimi setiap orang dengan memberi pembalasan kepada para penindas dan upah kepada setiap orang yang tetap setia kepada Kristus. Untuk itu orang percaya saat ini memiliki penghiburan dan kekuatan ketika mengalami penganiayaan karena iman kepada Yesus Kristus. 

The theme of the righteous judgment of God is an important theme in 2 Thessalonians 1. This theme has a connection with the situation of the Thessalonians who were currently undergoing persecution. This paper will explain how Paul developed the theme of God's righteous judgment in 2 Thessalonians 1:3-10 by using the discourse analysis approach. This paper will explain that a righteous God will judge everyone by punishing the oppressors and rewarding the believers. Discourse analysis is used in this paper because it is an approach that can provide a stronger foundation when analyzing a text and provides objective criteria when investigating the problem of a text. The purpose of this paper is to encourage believers to have comfort and strength when experiencing persecution because a righteous God will judge every human being.


Aernie, Matthew D. Forensic Language and the Day of the Lord Motif in Second Thessalonians 1 and the Effects on the Meaning of the Text. Eugene: Wipf and Stock, 2011.

Bauer, Walter, Frederick W. Danker, William F. Arndt, dan F. Wilbur Gingrich. A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament and Other Early Christian Literature. Ed. ke-3. Chicago: University of Chicago, 2000.

Bassler, Jouette M. "The Enigmatic Sign: 2 Thessalonians 1:5" The Catholic Biblical Quarterly 46, no. 3 (Juli 1984): 496-510.

Beale, G.K. 1-2 Thessalonians. IVPNTC. Downers Grove: InterVarsity, 2003.

Best, Ernest. The First and Second Epistles to the Thessalonians. BNTC. Peabody: Hendrickson, 1972.

Blass, Friedrich, dan Albert Debrunner. A Greek Grammar of the New Testament and Other Early Christian Literature. Diterjemahkan oleh Robert W. Funk. Chicago: University of Chicago, 1961.

Bridges, Linda McKinnish. 1&2 Thessalonians. Smyth & Helwys Bible Commentary. Macon: Smyth & Helwys Publishing, 2008.

Brown, Raymond E. An Introduction to the New Testament. New York: Doubleday, 1997.

Bruce, F. F. 1 and 2 Thessalonians. WBC 45. Dallas: Word, 2002.

Campbell, Constantine R. Advances in the Study of Greek. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2015.

Carson, D.A., dan Douglas J. Moo. An Introduction to the New Testament. Ed. ke-2. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2005.

Carson, D.A., dan Douglas J. Moo. Introducing the New Testament: A Short Guide to Its History and Message. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2010.

Donfried, Karl P., dan I. Howard Marshall. The Theology of the Shorter Pauline Letters. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993.

Dooley, Robert A., dan Stephen H. Levinsohn. Analyzing Discourse: A Manual of Basic Concepts. Dallas: SIL International, 2001.

Ellingworth, Paul, dan Eugene A. Nida. Surat-Surat Paulus Kepada Jemaat di Tesalonika. Diterjemahkan oleh Kareasi H. Tambur dan Anwar Tjen. Pedoman Penafsiran Alkitab. Jakarta: LAI, 2001.

Fee, Gordon D. The First and Second Letters to the Thessalonians. NICNT. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2009.

Green, Gene L. The Letters to the Thessalonians. PNTC. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2002.

Guthrie, Donald. New Testament Introduction. Ed. ke-4. Downers Grove: InterVarsity, 1990.

Halliday, M.A.K. An Introduction to Functional Grammar. London: Edwin Arnold, 1995.

Ladd, George E. A Theology of the New Testament. Diedit oleh Donald A. Hagner. Ed. revisi. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1993.

Levinsohn, Stephen H. Discourse Features of New Testament Greek. Ed. ke-2. Dallas: SIL International, 2000.

Louw, Johannes P. Semantics of New Testament Greek. Philadelphia: Fortress, 1982.

Malherbe, Abraham J. The Letters to the Thessalonians. AYB. New Haven: Yale, 2008.

Martin, D. Michael. 1, 2 Thessalonians. NAC 33. Nashville: Broadman & Hol-man, 1995.

Menken, Maarten J.J. 2 Thessalonians. London: Routledge, 1994.

Morris, Leon. 1 and 2 Thessalonians. Vol. 13. TNTC. Downers Grove: InterVarsity, 1984.

Morris, Leon. The First and Second Epistles to the Thessalonians. Ed. revisi. NICNT. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1991.

Mounce, William D. Basics of Biblical Greek Grammar. Ed. ke-4. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2019.

Porter, Stanley E. "Discourse Analysis and New Testament Studies: An Introductory Survey." Dalam Discourse Analysis and Other Topics in Biblical Greek, diedit oleh Stanley E. Porter dan D.A. Carson. JSNTS 113. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic, 1995.

Runge, Steven E. Discourse Grammar of the Greek New Testament. Peabody: Hendrickson, 2010.

Runge, Steven E. The Lexham Discourse Greek New Testament. Bellingham: Logos Research Systems, 2008.

Shogren, Gary S. 1 and 2 Thessalonians. ZECNT. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2012.

Wallace, Daniel B. Greek Grammar Beyond the Basics. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1996.

Wanamaker, Charles A. The Epistles to the Thessalonians. NIGTC. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1990.

Weima, Jeffrey A.D. "1–2 Thessalonians." Dalam Commentary on the New Testament Use of the Old Testament, diedit oleh G.K. Beale dan D.A. Carson. Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2007.

Weima, Jeffrey A.D. 1–2 Thessalonians. BECNT. Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2014.

Witherington III, Ben. 1 and 2 Thessalonians. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2006.

How to Cite
Limasaputra, Alexander. “Bukti Penghakiman Allah Yang Adil Di Dalam 2 Tesalonika 1:3-10 Menurut Pendekatan Analisis Wacana”. Veritas: Jurnal Teologi dan Pelayanan 19, no. 1 (May 21, 2020): 69-84. Accessed August 10, 2020. https://ojs.seabs.ac.id/index.php/Veritas/article/view/349.