Memandang Penderitaan Melalui Perspektif The Already and The Not Yet dari Rasul Paulus

  • Alexander Darmawan Limasaputra Gereja Beritakan Injil Jemaat Bogor
Keywords: Suffering -- Religious aspects -- Christianity., Eschatology -- Biblical Teaching.

Abstract

Penderitaan merupakan peristiwa yang dapat dialami setiap orang. Penderitaan telah membuat orang menangis, mempertanyakan atau bahkan meninggalkan Allah. Apakah penderitaan menjadi bukti bahwa Allah tidak ada? Bukankah kalau Allah ada maka penderitaan tidak ada? Apakah penderitaan menjadi bukti bahwa Allah sudah kalah dan tidak lagi berkuasa atas dunia? Artikel ini akan menjawab pertanyaan-pertanyaan tersebut melalui perspektif the already and the not yet dari rasul Paulus. Penulis menjelaskan bahwa penderitaan merupakan panggilan orang percaya karena berada di masa the already and the not yet, yaitu masa di mana Yesus Kristus telah menang atas kuasa dosa, kutuk alam semesta dan pemerintahan Iblis serta merupakan masa hadirnya pemerintahan Allah di dunia, meski semua ini belum mencapai kepenuhannya. Karena itu orang percaya tidak perlu takut atau meninggalkan iman Kristen.

Kata-kata kunci: Penderitaan, Paulus, Eskatologi, The Already and the Not Yet, Ciptaan Baru, Pemerintahan Allah, Pemerintahan Iblis, Kuasa Dosa, Kutuk Alam Semesta

 

 Suffering is something that is experienced by everyone. Suffering has made people cry out to God, question God or even leave God. Does suffering prove that God does not exist? Doesn’t God’s existence nullify suffering? Does suffering prove that God is impotent and no longer has power over the world? This article will address these questions through the framework of the already and the not yet schema developed by the apostle Paul. The author explains that suffering is a part of the call of believers because it is experienced between the time of the already and the not yet. A period when Jesus Christ has won over the power of sin, the curse of the universe and the government of Satan and is the time of God’s government in the world, even though all this has not yet reached fullness. Therefore, believers need not fear suffering nor leave the Christian faith because of it.


Keywords: Suffering, Paul, Eschatology, The Already and the Not Yet, New Creation, God’s Rule, Satan’s Rule, Power of Sin, Curse on Creation

Author Biography

Alexander Darmawan Limasaputra, Gereja Beritakan Injil Jemaat Bogor

Penulis menyelesaikan studi Magister Divinitas di STT SAAT dan sedang melanjutkan studi Magister Teologi di STT Amanat Agung. Saat ini penulis melayani di Gereja Beritakan Injil Jemaat Bogor.

References

Arichea Jr., Daniel C., dan Eugene A. Nida. Surat Paulus kepada Jemaat di Galatia. Pedoman Penafsiran Alkitab. Diterjemahkan oleh M.K. Sembiring dan Semuel Aitonam; Jakarta: LAI, 2011.

Barnett, Paul. The Message of 2 Corinthians. The Bible Speaks Today. Downers Grove: InterVar-sity, 1988.

Bartholomew, Craig G., dan Michael W. Goheen. The Drama of Scripture. Ed. ke-2. Grand Rapids: Baker, 2014.

Bauer, Walter. A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament and Other Early Christian Litera¬ture. Diedit oleh Frederick W. Danker. Ed. ke-3. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2000.

Beker, J. Christian. “Suffering and Triumph in Paul’s Letter to the Romans.” Horizons in Biblical Theology 7, no. 2 (December 1985): 105–119, diakses 4 November 2017, ATLASerials.

Bird, Michael F. A Bird’s-Eye View of Paul. Nottingham: InterVarsity, 2008.

Bird, Michael F. Evangelical Theology. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2013.

Brueggemann, Walter. Old Testament Theology: An Introduction. Nashville: Abingdon, 2008.

Chamblin, J. Knox. Paulus dan Diri. Diterjemahkan oleh Irwan Tjulianto dan Elsye Elisabeth Rau; Surabaya: Momentum, 2008.

Coxhead, Steven R. “The Cardionomographic Work of The Spirit in the Old Testament.” The Westminster Theological Journal 79, no. 1 (Spr 2017): 77–95, diakses 4 November 2017, ATLASerials.

De Gruchy, John W. “A New Heaven and A New Earth: An Exposition of Isaiah 65:17-25.” Jour-nal of Theology for Southern Africa 105 (November 1999): 65–74, diakses 4 November 2017, ATLASerials.

Dunn, James D.G. Romans. 1-8. Word Biblical Commentary. Dallas: Word, 2002.

Dunn, James D.G. The Epistle to the Galatians. Black’s New Testament Commentary. Peabody: Hendrick¬son, 1993.

Dunn, James D.G. The Theology of Paul the Apostle. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2008.

Ehrman, Bart D. God’s Problem: How the Bible Fails to Answer Our Most Important Question-Why We Suffer. New York: HarperOne, 2008.

Fitzmyer, Joseph A. Romans. Anchor Yale Bible Commentary. New Haven: Yale, 2008.

Garland, David E. 2 Corinthians. New American Commentary 29. Nashville: B&H, 1999.

Hubbard, Moyer V. New Creation in Paul’s Letters and Thought. Society for New Testament Stu-dies Monograph Series 119. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004.

Jewett, Robert. Romans. Hermeneia, A Critical and Historical Commentary on the Bible. Min¬neapolis: Fortress, 2006.

Kruse, Collin G. “Afflictions, Trials, Hardships.” Dalam Dictionary of Paul and His Letters. Ed. Gerald F. Hawthorne, Ralph P. Martin dan Daniel G. Reid. Downers Grove: InterVarsity, 1993.

Ladd, George Eldon. A Theology of the New Testament. Ed. revisi. Diedit oleh Donald A. Hagner. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1993.

Longman III, Tremper. “Isaiah 65:17-25.” Interpretation 64, no. 1 (2010): 72–73, diakses 4 Novem¬ber 2017, ATLASerials.

MacArthur, John F. Galatians. MacArthur New Testament Commentary. Chicago: Moody, 1996.

MacArthur, John F. Romans. MacArthur New Testament Commentary. Chicago: Moody, 1994.

Martin, D. Michael. 1, 2 Thessalonians. The New American Commentary 33. Nashville: Broad-man & Holman, 1995.

Mauser, Ulrich W. “Isaiah 65:17-25.” Interpretation 36, no. 2 (April 1982): 181–186, diakses 4 November 2017, ATLASerials.

Moo, Douglas J. “Creation and New Creation.” Bulletin for Biblical Research 20, no. 1 (2010): 39–60, diakses 20 Oktober 2017, ATLASerials.

Moo, Douglas J. The Epistle to the Romans. The New International Commentary on the New Testa¬ment. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1996.

Morris, Leon. Teologi Perjanjian Baru. Diterjemahkan oleh H. Pidyarto O Carm.; Malang: Gan-dum Mas, 2006.

Mounce, Robert H. Romans. New American Commentary 27. Nashville: Broadman & Holman, 2001.

Newman, Barclay M., dan Eugene A. Nida. Surat Paulus kepada Jemaat di Roma. Pedoman Penaf¬siran Alkitab. Diterjemahkan oleh M.K. Sembiring dan P.G. Katopo; Jakarta: LAI, 2012.

Omanson, Roger L., dan John Ellington. Surat Paulus yang Kedua kepada Jemaat di Korintus. Pedoman Penafsiran Alkitab. Diterjemahkan oleh M.K. Sembiring; Jakarta: LAI, 2013.

Pate, C. Marvin. Teologi Paulus. Tanpa terj.; Malang: Gandum Mas, 2004.

Ridderbos, Herman. Paulus: Pemikiran Utama Teologinya. Diterjemahkan oleh Hendry Ongko-widjojo; Surabaya: Momentum, 2008.

Routledge, Robin. Old Testament Theology: A Thematic Approach. Nottingham: Apollos, 2008.

Schreiner, Thomas R. Paul Apostle of God’s Glory in Christ: A Pauline Theology. Downers Grove: InterVarsity, 2001.

Schreiner, Thomas R. Romans. Baker Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament. Grand Rapids: Baker, 1998.

Stanford, Miles J. Fox’s Book of Martyrs. Ed. William Byron Forbush. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1978.

Templeton, Charles. Farewell to God. Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 1999.

Thiselton, Anthony C. The Living Paul. Downers Grove: InterVarsity, 2009.

VanGemeren, Willem. Progres Penebusan. Diterjemahkan oleh Jeane Ch. Obadja; Surabaya: Momentum, 2016.

Wenham, Gordon J. Genesis 1 - 15. Word Biblical Commentary 1. Dallas: Word, 2002.

Witherington III, Ben. Grace in Galatia. A Socio-Rhetorical Commentary. Grand Rapids: Eerd-mans, 1998.

Wright, N.T. Galatians and Thessalonians. Paul for Everyone. London: SPCK, 2004.

Wright, N.T. Paul and the Faithfulness of God. Minneapolis: Fortress, 2013.

Wright, N.T. Paul: In Fresh Perspective. Minneapolis: Fortress, 2005.

Wright, N.T. Pauline Perspectives: Essays on Paul, 1978-2013. London: SPCK, 2013.

Wright, N.T. Romans Part 1: Chapters 1-8. Paul for Everyone. London: SPCK, 2004.

Wright, N.T. The Day The Revolution Began. New York: HarperCollins, 2016.

Wright, N.T. The New Testament and the People of God. Minneapolis: Fortress, 2006.

Published
2018-06-01
How to Cite
Limasaputra, A. (2018). Memandang Penderitaan Melalui Perspektif The Already and The Not Yet dari Rasul Paulus. Veritas : Jurnal Teologi Dan Pelayanan, 17(1), 43-60. Retrieved from https://ojs.seabs.ac.id/index.php/Veritas/article/view/305
Section
Articles