Ethics in the Message of Isaiah
Form-critical studies in the ethical basis of Isaiah has reached an impasse. Many ethical injunctions in Isaiah 1-39 does not fit into either wisdom or legal categories according to form-critical approaches. This article will re-examine the ethical basis of Isaiah 1-39 by employing a literary-canonical approach.
Keywords: OT Ethics, Ethics, Prophecy and Law, Isaiah’s ethics
Studi kritik bentuk mengenai dasar etika dalam kitab Yesaya telah mencapai kebuntuan. Banyak perintah etis dalam Yesaya 1-39 tidak dapat digolongkan baik ke dalam kategori hikmat atau hukum menurut pendekatan-pendekatan kritik bentuk. Artikel ini akan meninjau ulang dasar etis dalam Yesaya 1-39 dengan menggunakan pendekatan literer-kanonis.
Kata-kata kunci: Etika PL, Etika, Nubuat dan Taurat, Etika Yesaya
Barnes, Albert. Notes on the Old Testament: Isaiah. Vol. 1. London: Blackie & Son, 1851.
Barton, John. “Ethics in Isaiah of Jerusalem.” Journal of Theological Studies 32 (1981): 1-18.
Barton, John. Understanding Old Testament Ethics: Approaches and Explorations. Louisville, Kentucky: WJK, 2003.
Bartholomew, Craig G. Baker Commentary on the Old Testament: Ecclesiastes. Edited by Tremper Longman III. Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2009.
Birch, Bruce. Let Justice Roll Down: The Old Testament, Ethics and Christian Life. Louisville: WJK, 1991.
Burnside, Jonathan P. The Signs of Sin: Seriousness of Offence in Biblical Law. Vol. 364. Journal for the Study of the Old Testament Supplement Series. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 2003.
Childs, Brevard S. Isaiah: A Commentary. Edited by William P. Brown, Carol A. Newsom, and Brent A. Strawn. 1st ed. The Old Testament Library. Louisville: WJK, 2001.
Clements, R. E. Prophecy and Covenant. Studies in Biblical Theology No. 43. Naperville: Allenson, 1965.
Davies, Eryl W. Prophecy and Tradition: Isaiah and the Ethical Tradition of Israel. Journal for the Study of the Old Testament Supplement Series. Sheffield: Journal for the Study of the Old Testament, 1981.
Jackson, Bernard S. Studies in the Semiotics of Biblical Law. Vol. 314. Journal for the Study of the Old Testament Supplement Series. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 2000.
Lange, John and Peter Philip Schaff, et al. A Commentary on the Holy Scriptures: Isaiah. Bellingham: Logos Bible Software, 2008.
Leclerc, Thomas L. Yahweh is Exalted in Justice: Solidarity and Conflict in Isaiah. Minneapolis, Minnesota: Fortress, 2001.
Lindblom, J. Prophecy in Ancient Israel. Oxford: Blackwell, 1962.
McConville, J. G. Law and Theology in Deuteronomy. Vol. 33. Journal for the Study of the Old Testament Supplement Series. Sheffield: JSOT, 1984.
Mendenhall, George E. “Covenant Forms in Israelite Tradition.” The Biblical Archaeologist 17, no. 3 (1954): 49-76.
Miller, Patrick D. Israelite Religion and Biblical Theology: Collected Essays. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 2000.
Motyer, J. A. The Prophecy of Isaiah: An Introduction & Commentary. Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 1996.
Murphy, R. E. “Wisdom – Theses and Hypotheses.” In Israelite Wisdom: Theological and Literary Essays in Honor of Samuel Terrien, edited by J. G. Gammie. Missoula: Scholars. 1978.
Oswalt, John. The Book of Isaiah, chapters 1-39. NICOT. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1986.
Phillips, Anthony. “Prophecy and Law.” In Israel’s Prophetic Tradition: Essays in Honour of Peter Ackroyd, edited by Richard Loggins, Anthony Phillips, and Michael Knibb, 217-232. Cambridge: University Press, 1982.
Seifrid, Mark A. “Righteousness Language in the Hebrew Scriptures and Early Judaism.” In Justification and Variegated Nomism: The Complexities of Second Temple Judaism, edited by D. A. Carson and Peter T. O’Brien. v140th edition. Vol. 1. Wissenschaftliche Untersuchungen Zum Neuen Testament. Grand Rapids; Tübingen: Baker Academic; Mohr Siebeck, 2001.
Seifrid, Mark A. “Righteousness, Justice, and Justification.” In New Dictionary of Biblical Theology, edited by T. Desmond Alexander and Brian S. Rosner. Downers Grove: Inter-Varsity, 2000.
Skinner, John “RIGHTEOUSNESS IN OT.” In A Dictionary of the Bible: Dealing with Its Language, Literature, and Contents Including the Biblical Theology, edited by James Hastings et al. New York; Edinburgh: Charles Scribner’s Sons; T. & T. Clark, 1911–1912), 273.
Smith, Gary V. Isaiah 1–39. Edited by E. Ray Clendenen. The New American Commentary. Nashville: Broadman & Holman, 2007.
Sparks, Kenton L. Ancient Texts for the Study of the Hebrew Bible: A Guide to the Background Literature. Peabody: Hendrickson, 2005.
Stuart, Douglas K. Exodus. Vol. 2, The New American Commentary. Nashville: Broadman & Holman, 2006.
Stuart, Douglas K. “The Old Testament Prophets’ Self Understanding of Their Prophecy.” Themelios 6, no. 1 (September 1980): 9-14.
Sweeney, Marvin. Isaiah 1–39: With an Introduction to Prophetic Literature. Vol. 16, The Forms of the Old Testament Literature. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1996.
Von Rad, Gerhard. Old Testament Theology. 2 vol. Louisville: WJK, 2001.
Walton, John H. Ancient Near Eastern Thought and the Old Testament: Introducing the Conceptual World of the Hebrew Bible. Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2006.
Watts, James W. Reading Law: The Rhetorical Shaping of the Pentateuch. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic, 1999.
Wellhausen, Julius. Prolegomena to the History of Israel. Edinburgh: Adam & Charles Black, 1885.
Weinfeld, Moshe. Social Justice in Ancient Israel and in the Ancient Near East. Jerusalem: Magnes Press, 2000.
Wenham, Gordon J. Story As Torah: Reading Old Testament Narrative Ethically. Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2004.
Wright, Christopher J. H. “Ethical Decisions in the Old Testament.” In Walking in the Ways of the Lord: The Ethical Authority of the Old Testament, 117-145. Downers Grove: Inter-Varsity, 1995.
Wright, Christopher J. H. Living as the People of God. Leicester, England: IVP, 2000.
Wright, Christopher J. H. Old Testament Ethics for the People of God. Downers Grove: Inter-Varsity, 2004.
Tucker, Gene M. “The Law in the Eighth-Century Prophets.” In Canon, Theology, and Old Testament Interpretation, edited by Gene M. Tucker, David L. Petersen, and Robert. R Wilson, 201-216. Philadelphia: Fortress, 1988.
Young, Edward. The Book of Isaiah, Chapters 1–18. Vol. 1. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1965.
All the works in this journal are licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License that allows others to share (copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format) for noncommercial purposes with appropriate credit to the work's authorship and proper citation of the initial publication in this journal.
The author retains copyright and also agrees to grant Veritas: Jurnal Teologi dan Pelayanan the right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0).
The author is permitted to reuse or post items submitted to this journal on personal websites, institutional repositories, or other purposes such as further research, lectures, or class discussions with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.