Presenting the Lordship Attributes as an Effort to Build Up the Spirituality of the People of God
Keywords:Spirituality, Spiritual Theology, Lordship Attributes, Authority, Control, Presence, Meditation, Community
Kevin Vanhoozer observes that the loss of imagination that is discipled and disciplined by the Bible leads many Christians to experience a disconnect between the world they live in and the world of the biblical texts they believe in. There is a gulf between known truth and lived practice. The daily lives of Christians do not bring out the resultant Christian character. This article attempts to explain the importance of meditating on the threefold lordship attributes proposed by John Frame—authority, control, and presence—in one’s daily meditation. It argues that one’s theological understanding is crucial in worldview formation and that, through intense meditation, those truths need to be internalized in the heart and mind so that they can be integrated into the practice of everyday life. This article also shows that the three inseparable lordship attributes need to be experienced in the relationship between spiritual leaders and the congregation, for true spirituality is formed not only in personal experience but also in the community. Such a pattern is then offered as a solution to answer challenges related to worship and fellowship during the pandemic and beyond. Through this article, it is hoped that the people of God can better understand the dynamics of their spiritual life, either through personal meditation or fellowship with other believers, either face-to-face or virtual meetings, including the role of a spiritual mentor whom first experiences and thus embodies God’s authority, control, and presence in their relationship with God’s congregation.
Beeke, Joel R., dan M. Smalley. Reformed Systematic Theology. Vol. 2, Man and Christ. Wheaton: Crossway, 2020.
Chan, Simon. Spiritual Theology: A Systematic of the Christian Life. Downers Grove: InterVarsity, 1998.
Chia, Roland. “Life Together, Apart: An Ecclesiology for a Time of Pandemic.” Dalam Digital Ecclesiology: A Global Conversation. Diedit oleh Heidi A. Campbell, 20-26. Texas: Digital Religion, 2020.
Coe, John. “Spiritual Theology: A Theological-Experiential Methodology for Bridging the Sanctification Gap.” Journal of Spiritual Formation & Soul Care 2, no. 1 (2009): 4-43. https://doi.org/10.1177/193979090900200102. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/193979090900200102
Davis, Alanah, John Murphy, Dawn Owens, Deepak Khazanchi dan Ilze Zigurs. “Avatars, People, and Virtual Worlds: Foundations for Research in Metaverses.” Journal of the Association for Information Systems 10, no. 2 (2009): 90–117. https://doi.org/10.17705/1jais.00183. DOI: https://doi.org/10.17705/1jais.00183
Erickson, Millard J. Christian Theology. Ed. ke-3. Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2013.
Frame, John M. The Doctrine of the Knowledge of God. Phillipsburg: P&R, 1987.
Frame, John M. The Doctrine of God: A Theology of Lordship. Phillipsburg: P&R, 2002.
Goheen, Michael W. dan Craig G. Bartholomew. Living at the Crossroads: An Introduction to Christian Worldview. Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2008.
Grolnick, Wendy S. dan Eva M. Pomerantz. “Issues and Challenges in Studying Parental Control: Toward a New Conceptualization.” Child Development Perspectives 3, no. 3 (2009): 165-170. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1750-8606.2009.00099.x. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1750-8606.2009.00099.x
Hiebert, Paul G. Transforming Worldviews: An Anthropological Understanding of How People Change. Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2008.
Hoekema, Anthony A. Created in God’s Image. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1986.
Horton, Michael. Introducing Covenant Theology. Grand Rapids: Baker, 2009.
Issler, Klaus D. “Inner Core Belief Formation: Spiritual Practices, and the Willing-Doing Gap.” Journal of Spiritual Formation & Soul Care 2, no. 2 (2009): 179-198. https://doi.org/10.1177/193979090900200203. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/193979090900200203
Jun, Guichun. “Virtual Reality Church as a New Mission Frontier in the Metaverse: Exploring Theological Controversies and Missional Potential of Virtual Reality Church.” Transformation: An International Journal of Holistic Mission Studies 37, no. 4 (2020): 297–305. https://doi.org/10.1177/0265378820963155. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0265378820963155
Lawrence, Brother. The Practice of the Presence of God: With Spiritual Maxims. Boston: Shambhala, 2015.
MacArthur, John. The Keys to Spiritual Growth Unlocking the Riches of God. Wheaton: Crossway, 2001.
MacArthur, John dan Richard Mayhue. Biblical Doctrine: A Systematic Summary of Bible Truth. Wheaton: Crossway, 2017.
Munford, Robyn dan Jackie Sanders. “Foster Parents: An Enduring Presence for Vulnerable Youth.” Adoption & Fostering 40, no. 3 (2016): 264–78. https://doi.org/10.1177/0308575916656713. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0308575916656713
Musa, Bala A. “Reimagining Place and Presence in the Virtual Church: Community and Spiritual Connection in the Digital Era.” Dalam Digital Ecclesiology: A Global Conversation. Diedit oleh Heidi A. Campbell, 53-57. Texas: Digital Religion, 2020.
Noegroho, Raden Soetjijanto. “Pandangan Anggota Kelompok Tumbuh Bersama Terhadap Relasi Dengan Mentornya Di GKKA Indonesia Jemaat Tenggilis Mejoyo.” Tesis, STT SAAT, 2021.
Packer, J. I. Evangelism and the Sovereignty of God. Downers Grove: InterVarsity, 1961.
Padilla-Walker, Laura M., Larry J. Nelson, dan Darin J. Knapp. “‘Because I’m Still the Parent, That’s Why!’ Parental Legitimate Authority during Emerging Adulthood.” Journal of Social and Personal Relationships 31, no. 3 (2014): 293–313. https://doi.org/10.1177/0265407513494949. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0265407513494949
Poythress, Vern Sheridan. Redeeming Sociology: A God-Centered Approach. Wheaton: Crossway, 2011.
de Sales, Francis. Introduction to the Devout Life. Greenwood Village: Ignatius, 2015.
Schieman, Scott. “Socioeconomic Status and Beliefs about God’s Influence in Everyday Life.” Sociology of Religion 71, no. 1 (2010): 25–51. https://doi.org/10.1093/socrel/srq004. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/socrel/srq004
Setran, David. “From Worldview to Way of Life: Forming Student Dispositions Toward Human Flourishing in Christian Higher Education.” Journal of Spiritual Formation and Soul Care 11, no. 1 (2018): 53–73. https://doi.org/10.1177/1939790917753171. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/1939790917753171
Shichida, Toshi, David C. Dollahite, dan Jason S. Carroll. “How the Perception of God as a Transcendent Moral Authority Influences Marital Connection Among American Christians.” Journal of Psychology and Christianity 34, no. 1 (2015): 40–52. http://hdl.lib.byu.edu/1877/7771.
Skarupski, Kimberly A., George Fitchett, Denis A. Evans, dan Carlos F. Mendes De Leon. “Daily Spiritual Experiences in a Biracial, Community-Based Population of Older Adults.” Aging and Mental Health 14, no. 7 (2010): 779–89. https://doi.org/10.1080/13607861003713265. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/13607861003713265
Stevens, R. Paul. “Living Theologically: Toward a Theology of Christian Practice.” Themelios 20, no. 3 (1995): 4–8. https://www.thegospelcoalition.org/themelios/article/living-theologically-toward-a-theology-of-christian-practice/.
Storms, Sam. Packer on the Christian Life: Knowing God in Christ, Walking by the Spirit. Wheaton: Crossway, 2015.
Tan, Matthew John Paul. “Friends in the Cloud.” Dalam Revisiting the Distanced Church. Diedit oleh Heidi A. Campbell, 107-109. Texas: Digital Religion, 2021.
Vanhoozer, Kevin J. Hearers and Doers: A Pastor’s Guide to Making Disciples through Scripture and Doctrine. Bellingham: Lexham, 2019.
Wright, N. T. After You Believe: Why Christian Character Matters. New York: HarperCollins, 2010.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 Natalie Natalie
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.