Answering John Hick's Incoherence Allegations Against Dual-Nature Concept in the Orthodox Doctrine of Incarnation
Keywords:John Hick, Incarnation, Person, Conscious, Preconscious, Dual-natures, Relativity Thesis, Natural Kind Concept, Divine Preconscious Model
In his writings, John Hick states that Christianity must rethink the claim to the divinity of Jesus as God the Son Incarnate. In his view, the dual nature in Jesus cannot be understood with common sense because the two natures contradict each other. As a way out, Hick offers the concept of mythologization which states that Jesus' incarnation as God the Son is a myth. To answer that, in this paper, in addition to basing her argument on the biblical statement, the author uses a combined logic approach: relativity thesis, natural kind concept, and divine preconscious model. With the method of relativity thesis, the author can point out the logic errors of incoherent accusations from Hick to the doctrine of the orthodox incarnation. Meanwhile, the natural kind concept approach can prove the coherence of the dual-natures concept in God the Son as an incarnation of God. The Divine preconscious model can provide a logical basis for the unity of the Person of Jesus with the two natures within Him, which do not contradict each other. With the combination of the three approaches, this paper presents a strong argument to prove that the doctrine of the orthodox incarnation is coherent. Thus, Christianity does not need to re-articulate the doctrine of the orthodox incarnation and also does not interpret the doctrine as a myth.
Arcadi, James M. “Kryptic or cryptic? The Divine Preconscious Model of the Incarnation as a concrete-nature Christology.” De Gruyter 58, no. 2 (2016): 229–243. https://doi.org/10.1515/nzsth-2016-0014. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/nzsth-2016-0014
Case-Winters, Anna. “Incarnation: In What Sense Is God Really ‘With Us’?” European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 11, no. 1 (2019). DOI: https://doi.org/10.24204/ejpr.v11i1.2618
DeWeese, Garrett J. “One Person, Two Natures: Two Metaphysical Models of the Incarnation.” Dalam Jesus In Trinitarian Perspective, diedit oleh Fred Sanders dan Klaus Issler, 114-155. Nashville: B&H Academic, 2007.
Garcia, Hidalgo B. “Pluralisme Agama dan Paradoks Kasih Karunia: Mengenai Pemakaian Kristologi Donald Baillie oleh John Hick.” Veritas 7, no. 2 (Oktober 2006): 149–164, https://doi.org/10.36421/veritas.v7i2.175. DOI: https://doi.org/10.36421/veritas.v7i2.175
Hick, John. “Incarnation and Atonement: Evil and Incarnation.” Dalam Incarnation and Myth: The Debate Continued. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1979.
Hick, John. “Jesus and the World Religion.” Dalam The Myth of God Incarnate. London: SCM, 1977.
Hick, John. The Metaphor of God Incarnate. Louisville: Westminster John Knox, 1993.
Loke, Andrew Ter Ern. A Kryptic Model of the Incarnation. London: Routledge, 2014.
Loke, Andrew Ter Ern. “On the coherence of the incarnation: the divine preconscious model.” Neue Zeitschrift für systematische Theologie und Religionsphilosophie 51, no. 1 (2009): 50–63. https://doi.org/10.1515/NZST.2009.004. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/NZST.2009.004
Moreland, J.P., dan William Lane Craig. Philosophical Foundations For A Christian Worldview. Downers Grove: IVP Academic, 2003.
Morris, Thomas V. The Logic of God Incarnate. Eugene: Wipf & Stock, 2001.
O’Collins, Gerald. “The Incarnation: The Critical Issues.” Dalam The Incarnation: An Interdisciplinary Symposium on the Incarnation of the Son of God, diedit oleh Stephen T. Davis, Daniel Kendall, dan Gerald O'Collins, 1-27. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002.
Pranoto, Minggus. “Perkembangan Doktrin Inkarnasi Kristus: Misteri Iman dan Dasar Keselamatan Manusia.” Jurnal Abdiel 6 (Oktober 2015): 88–105.
Senor, Thomas D. “The Incarnation and the Trinity.” Dalam Reason for the Hope Within, diedit oleh Michael J. Murray, 238–260. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1999.
Stump, Eleonore. “Aquinas’ Metaphysics of the Incarnation.” Dalam The Incarnation: An Interdisciplinary Symposium on the Incarnation of the Son of God, diedit oleh Stephen T. Davis, Daniel Kendall, dan Gerald O'Collins, 197-220. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/0199248451.003.0009
Wellum, Stephen J. God the Son Incarnate: The Doctrine of Christ. Wheaton: Crossway, 2016.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2020 Fitri Yuliana
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.