Relationship Between Parental Attachment and Faith Support with Adolescent Religiosity

Authors

  • Enny Dewi Lembaga Konseling Keluarga Kreatif
  • Aileen P. Mamahit Sekolah Tinggi Teologi SAAT
  • Rahmiati Tanudjaja Sekolah Tinggi Teologi SAAT

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.36421/veritas.v18i1.326

Keywords:

Attachment, Faith Support, Religiosity, Adolescent

Abstract

The role of parents in adolescent religiosity is exceptionally important. Adolescents overcome many challenges in puberty with a variety of developments that are quite complex, including aspects such as cognitive, affective, moral, social, and faith. The role of parents is needed to assist them in overcoming this period in order to reach individuation and determine the identity of their faith. This study aims to analyze the correlation between attachment and parental faith support on the religiosity of 247 adolescents, aged 13-18 years, who attend youth services in five congregations of Gereja Kristen Abdiel Gloria in Surabaya. This quantitative study was conducted through Spearman Rank Correlation for data analysis from three questionnaires, namely Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment (IPPA), Perceived Faith Support from Parents and Friends (PFS-P and PFS-F), and Intrinsic/Extrinsic Revised Scale. The research results show that there is a positive and significant relationship between the variables. Higher attachment to parents relates positively to the higher religiosity of adolescents. Higher parental faith support relates positively to higher adolescent religiosity and vice versa.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Acock, Alan C., dan Vern L. Bengtson. “On the Relative Influence of Mothers and Fathers: A Covariance Analysis of Political and Religious Socialization.” Journal of Marriage and Family 40, no. 3 (1978): 519–530. Diakses 19 Desember 2017. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/350932. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/350932

Ainsworth, Mary S. “Attachments Beyond Infancy.” American Psychologist 44, no. 4 (1989): 709–716. Diakses 30 Oktober 2017. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.44.4.709. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.44.4.709

Ainsworth, Mary S. dan John Bowlby. “An Ethological Approach to Personality Development,” American Psychologist 46, no. 4 (1991): 338. Diakses 9 November 2017. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.46.4.333. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.46.4.333

Ainsworth, Mary D. Slater, Mary C. Blehar, Everett Waters, dan Sally Wall. Patterns of Attachment: A Psychological Study of the Strange Situation. New York: Psychology Press, 1978.

Allen, Joseph P. “The Attachment System in Adolescence.” Dalam Handbook of Attachment: Theory, Research, and Clinical Applications, diedit oleh Jude Cassidy dan Phillip R. Shaver, 419–435. Ed. ke-2. New York: The Guilford, 2008. Adobe PDF ebook.

Allport, Gordon W. “The Religious Context of Prejudice.” Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 5, no. 3 (1966): 447–457. Diakses 3 November 2017. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1384172. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/1384172

Allport, Gordon W., dan J. Michael Ross. “Personal Religious Orientation and Prejudice.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 5, no. 4 (1967): 432–443. Diakses 3 November 2017. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/h0021212. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1037/h0021212

Armsden, Gay C., dan Mark T. Greenberg. “The Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment: Individual Differences and Their Relationship to Psychological Well-Being in Adolescence.” Journal of Youth and Adolescence 16, no. 5 (1987): 427–454. Diakses 15 November 2017. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02202939. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02202939

Armsden, Gay C., Elizabeth McCauley, Mark T. Greenberg, Patrick M. Burke, dan Jeffrey R. Mitchell. “Parent and Peer Attachment in Early Adolescent Depression.” Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 18, no. 6 (1990): 683–697. Diakses 11 Sep¬tember 2017. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01342754. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01342754

Bandura, Albert. “Commentary: ‘On the Psychosocial Impact and Mechanisms of Spiritual Modeling.’” International Journal for the Psychology of Religion 13, no. 3 (2003): 167–173. Diakses 14 November 2017. https://doi.org/10.1207/S15327582IJPR1303_02. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1207/S15327582IJPR1303_02

Bao, Wan-Ning, Les B. Whitbeck, Danny R. Hoyt, dan Rand D. Conger. “Perceived Parental Acceptance as a Moderator of Religious Transmission among Adolescent Boys and Girls.” Journal of Marriage and the Family 61, no. 2 (1999): 362–374. Diakses 30 Oktober 2017. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/353754. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/353754

Barclay, William. The Letter to the Romans. New Daily Study Bible. Ed. ke-3. Louisville: Westminster John Knox, 2002. Libronix 3.

Bavinck, Herman. Dogmatika Reformed. Jilid 1, Prolegomena. Diterjemahkan oleh Ichwei G. Indra dan Irwan Tjulianto. Surabaya: Momentum, 2011.

Beasley-Murray, George R. John. Word Bib¬lical Commentary 36. Dallas: Word, 2002. Libronix 3.

Beckwith, Ivy. Postmodern Children’s Ministry. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2004

Beeke, Joel R. Puritan Reformed Spirituality. Darlington: Evangelical, 2006.

Boda, Mark J. “Old Testament Foundations of Christian Spirituality.” Dalam Dictionary of Christian Spirituality, diedit oleh Glenn G. Scorgie, 40–45. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2011.

Bonewell, Kelly James. “Intrinsic and Extrinsic Religiosity and Sexual Compulsivity with Christian Males: Understanding Concepts and Correlations Based on Race, Age and Socio-Economic Status and Marital Status.” Disertasi, Capella University, 2010. http://www.kellybonewell.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/11/Intrinsic-and-Extrinsic-Religiosity-and-Sexual-Compulsivity-with-Christian-Males-Understanding-Correla¬tions-and-Concepts-Kelly-James-Bonewell.pdf.

Bowlby, John. Separation: Anxiety, and Anger. Attachment and Loss 2. New York: Basic, 1973. Adobe PDF ebook.

Bowlby, John Attachment. Attachment and Loss 1. New York: Basic, 1982. Adobe PDF ebook.

Bowlby, John. A Secure Base: Parent-Child Attachment and Healthy Human Development. New York: Basic, 1990. Adobe PDF ebook.

Boyatzis, Chris J. “Religious and Spiritual Development in Childhood.” Dalam Handbook of the Psychology of Religion and Spirituality, diedit oleh Raymond F. Paloutzian dan Crystal L. Park, 123–143. New York: The Guilford, 2005. Diakses 20 Oktober 2017. Adobe PDF ebook.

Bradley, Robert H. “Environment and Parenting.” Dalam Handbook of Parenting Volume 2 Biology and Ecology of Parenting, diedit oleh Marc H. Bornstein, 281–314. New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associ¬ates, 2002. Adobe PDF ebook.

Theory: John Bowlby and Mary Ainsworth.” Developmental Psychology 28, no. 5 (1992): 759–775. Diakses 14 November 2017. http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/0012-1649.28.5.759. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1037/0012-1649.28.5.759

Büchsel, Friedrich. Theological Dictionary of the New Testament I. Diedit oleh Gerhard Kittel dan Gerhard Friedrich. Diterjemahkan oleh Geoffrey G. Bromiley. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1964. Libronix 3.

Budijanto, Bambang, ed. Dinamika Spiritualitas Generasi Muda Kristen Indonesia. Jakarta: Bilangan Research Center, 2018.

Burge, Gary M. John. NIV Application Commentary. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2000. Libronix 3.

Calvin, John. Institutes of the Christian Religion. Diedit oleh John Allen. Diterjemahkan oleh John Allen. Bellingham: Logos Research Systems, 2010. Libronix 3.

Chartier, Myron R., dan Larry A. Goehner. “A Study of the Relationship of Parent-Adolescent Communication, Self-Esteem, and God Image.” Journal of Psychology & Theology 4 (1976): 227–232. Diakses 17 Desember 2017. ATLASerials. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/009164717600400306

Chaves, Mark. “Secularization and Religious Revival: Evidence from U.S. Church Attendance Rates, 1972-1986.” Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 28, no. 4 (1989): 464–477. Diakses 19 Desember 2017. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1386577. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/1386577

Chong, Ho Ming. “The Impact of Parental Attachment on Adolescent Externalizing Problem Behaviour in Hong Kong.” Department of Applied Social Studies (2007): 1–67. Diakses 11 September 2017. http://lbms03.cityu.edu.hk/oaps/ss2007-5790-hmc970.pdf.

Clinton, Tim, dan Gary Sibcy. Attachment: Why You Love, Feel and Act the Way You Do. Brentwood: Integrity, 2012.

Cohen, Adam B., John D. Pierce, Jacqueline Chambers, Rachel Meade, Benjamin J. Gorvine, dan Harold G. Koenig. “Intrinsic and Extrinsic Religiosity, Belief in the Afterlife, Death Anxiety, and Life Satisfaction in Young Catholics and Protestants.” Journal of Research in Personality 39, no. 3 (2005): 307–324. Diakses 22 November 2017. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrp.2004.02.005. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrp.2004.02.005

Collins, W. Andrew, dan Brett Laursen. “Parent-Adolescent Relationships and Influences.” Dalam Handbook of Adolescent Psychology, diedit oleh Richard M. Lerner dan Laurence Steinberg, 331–362. Ed. ke-2. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, 2004. Adobe PDF ebook. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/9780471726746.ch11

Denton, Melinda Lundquist. “Relationship Quality between Parents and Adolescents: Understanding the Role of Religion.” Disertasi, University of North Carolina, 2006. https://cdr.lib.unc.edu/indexablecontent/uuid:b01a41ca-9b48-4c05-8ecd-3814f8a98cc7.

Donahue, Michael J., dan Peter L. Benson. “Religion and the Well-Being of Adolescents.” Journal of Social Issues 51, no. 2 (1995): 145–160. Diakses 23 Oktober 2017. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-4560.1995.tb01328.x. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-4560.1995.tb01328.x

Dudley, Roger L., dan Randall L. Wisbey. “The Relationship of Parenting Styles to Commitment to the Church among Young Adults.” Religious Education 95, no. 1 (2000): 39–50. Diakses 23 Agustus 2017. ATLASerials. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/0034408000950105

Dunn, James D.G. Romans 9-16. Word Biblical Commentary 38A. Dallas: Word, 2002. Libronix 3.

Ebstyne King, Pamela, dan James L. Furrow. “Religion as a Resource for Positive Youth Development: Religion, Social Capital, and Moral Outcomes.” Psychology of Religion and Spirituality 40, no. 5 (2004): 703–713. Diakses 30 November 2017. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0012-1649.40.5.703. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1037/0012-1649.40.5.703

Ayelet, dan David Oppenheim. “Open Mother–Pre-Schooler Communication: Relations with Early Secure Attachment.” Attachment & Human Development 2, no. 3 (2000): 347–378. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/14616730010007914

Feist, Jess, dan J. Feist, Gregory. Teori Kepribadian Buku 2. Diterjemahkan oleh Smita Prathita Sjahputri. Jakarta: Salemba Humanika, 2014.

Flor, Douglas L., dan Nancy Flanagan Knapp. “Transmission and Transaction: Predicting Adolescents’ Internalization of Parental Religious Values.” Journal of Family Psychology 15, no. 4 (2001): 627–645. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1037/0893-3200.15.4.627

Fowler, James W. Stages of Faith: The Psychology of Human Development and The Quest for Meaning. New York: Harper Collins, 1981.

Francis, Leslie J., dan Harry M. Gibson. “Parental Influence and Adolescent Reli¬giosity: A Study of Church Attendance and Attitude Toward Christianity Among Adolescents 11 to 12 and 15 to 16 Years Old.” International Journal for the Psychology of Religion 3, no. 4 (1993): 241–253. Diakses 17 Desember 2017. ATLA Serials. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327582ijpr0304_4

Fulton, Aubyn S. “Identity Status, Religious Orientation, and Prejudice.” Journal of Youth and Adolescence 26, no. 1 (1997): 1–11. Diakses 29 November 2017. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1024519227129. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1024519227129

Gane, Barry. “Adolescent Faith That Lasts.” The Journal of Youth Ministry 13, no. 1 (2011): 42–62.

Glock, Charles Young. “On the Study of Religious Commitment.” Religious Education 57, no. 4 (1962): 98–110. Diakses 7 November 2017. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/003440862057S407. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/003440862057S407

Godfrey, Joseph J. Trust of People, Words, and God. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 2012.

Gootjes, N.H. “General Revelation in its Relation to Special Revelation.” Westminster Theological Journal 51 (1989): 359–368. Diakses 3 Juli 2017. ATLASerials.

Gorsuch, Richard L. “Toward Motivational Theories of Intrinsic Religious Commitment.” Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 33, no. 4 (1994): 315–325. Diakses 6 November 2017. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1386491. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/1386491

Gorsuch, Richard L. dan G. Daniel Venable. “Development of an ‘Age Universal’ I-Ε Scale.” Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 22, no. 2 (1983): 181-187. Diakses 8 November 2017. ATLASerials. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/1385677

Gorsuch, Richard L., dan Susan E. McPherson. “Intrinsic/Extrinsic Measurement : I/E-Revised and Single-Item Scales.” Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 28, no. 3 (1989): 348–354. Diakses 15 November 2017. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1386745. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/1386745

Granqvist, Pehr. “Attachment and Religiosity in Adolescence: Cross-Sectional and Longitudinal Evaluations.” Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 28, no. 2 (2002): 260–270. Diakses 30 Oktober 2017. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0146167202282011. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0146167202282011

Granqvist, Pehr, dan Berit Hagekull. “Seeking Security in the New Age: On Attachment and Emotional Compensation.” Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 40, no. 3 (2001): 527–545. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/0021-8294.00075

Grolnic, Wendy S., Edward L. Deci, dan Richard M. Ryan. “Internationalization within the Family: The Self-Determination Theory Perspective.” Dalam Parenting and Children’s Internalization of Values: A Handbook of Contemporary Theory, diedit oleh Joan E. Grusec dan Leon Kuczynski, 135–159. New York: Wiley, 1997.

Haigler, V.F., H.D. Day, dan D.D. Marshall. “Parental Attachment and Gender-Role Identity.” Sex Roles 33, no. 3–4 (1995): 203–220. Diakses 14 September 2017. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01544611. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01544611

Hawthorne, Gerald F. Philippians. Word Biblical Commentary 43. Dallas: Word, 2004. Libronix 3.

Helms, Sarah W., Michelle Gallagher, Casey D. Calhoun, Sophia Choukas-Bradley, Glen C. Dawson, dan Mitchell J. Prinstein. “Intrinsic Religiosity Buffers the Longitudinal Effects of Peer Victimization on Adolescent Depressive Symptoms.” Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology 44, no. 3 (2015): 471–479. Diakses 29 November 2017. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15374416.2013.865195. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/15374416.2013.865195

Hill, Peter C. “Measurement in the Psychology of Religion and Spirituality.” Dalam Handbook of the Psychology of Religion and Spirituality, diedit oleh Raymond F. Paloutzian dan Crystal L. Park, 43–61. New York: The Guilford, 2005. Adobe PDF ebook.

Hoeve, MacHteld, Geert Jan J.M. Stams, Claudia E. Van Der Put, Judith Semon Dubas, Peter H. Van Der Laan, dan Jan R.M. Gerris. “A Meta-Analysis of Attachment to Parents and Delinquency.” Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 40, no. 5 (2012): 771–785. Diakses 11 Desember 2017. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10802-011-9608-1. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-011-9608-1

Hoge, Dean R., dan Gregory H. Petrillo. “Development of Religious Thinking in Adolescence: A Test of Goldman’s Theories.” Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 17, no. 2 (1978): 139–154. Diakses 14 November 2017. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1386157. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/1386157

Hoge, Dean R., Gregory H. Petrillo, dan Ella I. Smith. “Transmission of Reli¬gious and Social Values from Parents to Teenage Children.” Journal of Marriage and the Family 44, no. 3 (1982): 569–580. Diakses 14 November 2017. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/351580. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/351580

Hood, Ralph W., Peter C. Hill, dan Bernard Spilka, The Psychology of Religion, ed. ke-4. New York: Guilford, 2009. Adobe PDF ebook.

Jessor, Shirley L., dan Richard Jessor. “Maternal Ideology and Adolescent Problem Behavior.” Developmental Psychology 10, no. 2 (1974): 246–254. Diakses 18 Desember 2017. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/h0035991. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1037/h0035991

Kelland, Mark. “Social Learning Theory and Personality Development.” OpenStax-CNX module (1963): 1–25.

Kerestes, Michael, James Youniss, dan Edward Metz. “Longitudinal Patterns of Religious Perspective and Civic Integration.” Applied Developmental Science 8, no. 1 (2004): 39–46. Diakses 23 Oktober 2017. http://dx.doi.org/10.1207/S1532480XADS0801_5. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1207/S1532480XADS0801_5

Kim, Sungwon. “Parenting Styles and Children’s Spiritual Development.” Dalam Nurturing Children’s Spirituality: Christian Perspectives and Best Practices, diedit oleh Holly Catterton Allen, 233–251. Oregon: Cascade, 2008.

King, Pamela Ebstyne, dan Robert R. Roeser. “Religion and Spirituality in Adolescent Development.” Dalam Handbook of Adolescent Psychology, diedit oleh Richard M. Lerner dan Laurence Steinberg, 435–478. Ed. ke-3. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, 2009. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470479193.adlpsy001014

Kirkpatrick, Lee A. Attachment, Evolution, and the Psychology of Religion. New York: Guilford, 2005. Adobe PDF ebook.

Kirkpatrick, Lee A., dan Phillip R. Shaver. “Attachment Theory and Religion: Childhood Attachments, Religious Beliefs, and Conversion.” Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 29, no. 3 (1990): 315–334. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/1386461

Kobak, Roger, dan Stephanie Madsen. “Disruptions in Attachment Bonds: Implications for Theory, Research, and Clinical Intervention.” Dalam Handbook of Attachment: Theory, Research, and Clinical Applications, diedit oleh Jude Cassidy dan Phillip R. Shaver, 23–47. Ed. ke-2. New York: The Guilford, 2008. Adobe PDF ebook.

Kochanska, Grazyna. “Emotional Development in Children with Different Attachment Histories: the First Three Years.” Child development 72, no. 2 (2001): 474–490. Diakses 9 Desember 2017. http://www.psy.miami.edu/faculty/dmessinger/c_c/rsrcs/rdgs/attach/kochanska_CD_attach_emot.pdf. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-8624.00291

Köstenberger, Andreas J. John. Baker Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament. Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2004. Libronix 3.

Lawrence, Jeanette A., dan Jaan Valsiner. “Conceptual Roots of Internalization: From Transmission to Transformation.” Human Development 36 (1993): 150–167. Diakses 14 November 2017. http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000277333. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1159/000277333

Leas, Loranie, dan David Mellor. “Prediction of Delinquency: The Role of Depression, Risk-taking, and Parental Attachment.” Behaviour Change 17, no. 3 (2000): 155–166. Diakses 11 Desember 2017. http://dx.doi.org/10.1375/bech.17.3.155. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1375/bech.17.3.155

Lawson, Kevin E. “How Parents Nurture the Spiritual Development of their Children.” Dalam Understanding Children’s Spirituality, 197–222. Eugene: Cascade, 2012.

Lynn, Mark. “Influences on Father Involvement: Testing for Unique Contributions of Religion and Spirituality.” Disertasi, Marquette University, 2009.

Maccoby, Eleanor E. “Parenting and its Effects on Children: On Reading and Misreading Behavior Genetics.” Annual Review of Psychology 51, no. 1 (2000): 1–27. Diakses 19 Oktober 2017. https://www.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.psych.51.1.1. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.psych.51.1.1

Martin, Todd F., James M. White, dan Daniel Perlman. “Religious Socialization: A Test of the Channeling Hypothesis of Parental Influence on Adolescent Faith Maturity.” Journal of Adolescent Research 18, no. 2 (2003): 169–187. Diakses 14 November 2017. https://doi.org/10.1177/0743558402250349. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0743558402250349

McBride, Brent A., Geoffrey L. Brown, Kelly K. Bost, Nana Shin, Brian Vaughn, dan Byran Korth. “Paternal Identity, Maternal Gatekeeping, and Father Involvement.” Family Relations 54 (2005): 360–372. Diakses 16 April 2018. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1741-3729.2005.00323.x. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1741-3729.2005.00323.x

McCullough, Michael E. dan Brian L. B. Willoughby. “Religion, Self-Regulation, and Self-Control: Associations, Explanations, and Implications.” Psychological Bulletin 135, no. 1 (2009): 73. Diakses 29 Oktober 2017. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0014213. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1037/a0014213

McMinn, Mark R., dan Clark D. Campbell. Integrative Psychotherapy: Toward a Comprehensive Christian Approach. Downers Grove: IVP Academic, 2007.

Mowry, Bill J. “A Contextualized/Transactional Model for Leadership Development.” Christian Education Journal 13, no. 1 (1992): 61–70. Diakses 17 Desember 2017. ATLA Serials.

Mutak, Alfius Areng. “Disiplin Rohani sebagai Praktek Ibadah Pribadi.” Jurnal Teologi Aletheia 18, no. 10 (2016): 1–24.

Norušis, Marija. IBM SPSS Statistics Base 19. New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 2010. Adobe PDF ebook.

Oliphint, K. Scott. “Pengetahuan yang Utama dan Sederhana (Institutes I.1-5).” Dalam Penuntun ke dalam Theologi Institutes Calvin, diedit oleh David W. Hall dan Peter A. Lillback, diterjemahkan oleh Lanna Wahyuni, 17–46. Surabaya: Momentum, 2008

Oman, Doug, dan Carl E Thoresen. “Spiritual Modeling: A Key to Spiritual and Religious Growth?” The International Journal for the Psychology of Religion 13, no. 3 (2003): 149–165. Diakses 31 Oktober 2017. http://dx.doi.org/10.1207/S15327582IJPR1303_01. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1207/S15327582IJPR1303_01

Ozorak, Elizabeth Weiss. “Social and Cognitive Influences on the Development of Religious Beliefs and Commitments in Adolescence.” Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 28, no. 4 (1989): 448–463. Diakses 30 November 2017. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1386576. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/1386576

Packer, J.I. Knowing God: Tuntunan Praktis untuk Mengenal Allah, terj. Johny The. Yogyakarya: Andi Offset, 2009.

Paterson, Janis E., Jeff Field, dan Jan Pryor. “Adolescents’ Perceptions of Their Attachment Relationships with Their Mothers, Fathers, and Friends.” Journal of Youth and Adolescence 23, no. 5 (1994): 579–600. Diakses 14 September 2017. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01537737. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01537737

Pearce, Lisa D., dan Melinda Lundquist Denton. A Faith of Their Own. New York: Oxford University Press, 2011. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199753895.001.0001

Raja, Shyamala Nada, Rob Mcgee, dan Warren R. Stanton. “Perceived Attachments of Parents and Peers and Psychological Well-Being and Adolescence.” Journal of Youth and Adolescence 21, no. 4 (1992): 471–485. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01537898

Regnerus, Mark D. “Shaping Schooling Success: Religious Socialization and Educational Outcomes in Metropolitan Public Schools.” Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 39, no. 3 (2000): 363–370. Diakses 29 November 2017. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/0021-8294.00030. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/0021-8294.00030

Regnerus, Mark D. “Religion and Positive Adolescent Outcomes: A Review of Research and Theory.” Review of Religious Research 44, no. 4 (2003): 394–413. Diakses 23 Oktober 2017. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/3512217. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/3512217

Regnerus, Mark D., dan Glen H. Elder. “Staying on Track in School: Religious Influences in High- and Low-Risk Settings.” Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 42, no. 4 (2003): 633–649. Diakses 29 November 2017. http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1468-5906.2003.00208.x. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1468-5906.2003.00208.x

Rew, Lynn, dan Y. Joel Wong. “A Systematic Review of Associations among Religiosity/Spirituality and Adolescent Health Attitudes and Behaviors.” Journal of Adolescent Health 38, no. 4 (2006): 433–442. Diakses 23 Oktober 2017. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2005.02.004. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2005.02.004

Rostosky, Sharon Scales, Brian L. Wilcox, Margaret Laurie Comer Wright, dan Brandy A. Randall. “The Impact of Religiosity on Adolescent Sexual Behavior: A Review of the Evidence.” Journal of Adolescent Research 19, no. 6 (2004): 677–697. Diakses 23 Oktober 2017. http://doi.org/10.1177/0743558403260019. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0743558403260019

Ryan, Richard M., dan Cynthia L. Powelson. “Autonomy and Relatedness as Fundamental to Motivation and Education.” Journal of Experimental Education 60, no. 1 (1991): 49–66. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/00220973.1991.10806579

Salkind, Neil J. Statistics for People Who (Think They) Hate Statistics. London: Sage, 2005.

Samuolis, Jessica, Kiera Layburn, dan Kathleen M. Schiaffino. “Identity Development and Attachment to Parents in College Students.” Journal of Youth and Adolescence 30, no. 3 (2001): 373-384. Diakses 15 Agustus 2017. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1010448313516. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1010448313516

Santrock, John W. Perkembangan Masa Hidup Jilid 1. Diterjemahkan oleh Benedictine Widyasinta. Ed. ke-13. Jakarta: Erlangga, 2011.

Schwartz, Kelly Dean. “Transformations in Parent and Friend Faith Support Predicting Adolescents’ Religious Faith.” The International Journal for the Psychology of Religion 16, no. 4 (2006): 311–326. Diakses 28 September 2017. http://dx.doi.org/10.1207/s15327582ijpr1604_5. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327582ijpr1604_5

Sevilla, Consuelo G., Jesus A. Ochave, Twila G. Punsalan, Bella P. Regala, dan Gabriel G. Uriarte. Pengantar Metode Penelitian. Jakarta: UI Press, 1993.

Shin, Heuikwang. “Asian-American College Students’ Parental Attachment and Their Relationship with God,” Christian Education Journal 6, no. 2 (2009): 353-375. Diakses 6 September 2017. https://doi.org/10.1177/073989130900600212. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/073989130900600212

Siregar, Syofian. Statistika Deskriptif untuk Penelitian: Dilengkapi Perhitungan Manual dan Aplikasi SPSS Versi 17. Jakarta: RajaGrafindo Persada, 2014.

Smith, Christian, dan Melinda Lundquist Denton. Soul Searching: The Religious and Spiritual Lives of American Teenagers. New York: Oxford University Press, 2005. Adobe PDF ebook. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/019518095X.001.0001

Soeherman, Sylvia. Kuliah Statistik. Malang: SAAT, 2015.

Stark, Rodney dan Charles Y. Glock. American Piety: The Nature of Religious Commitment. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1968. Adobe PDF ebook.

Strathmann, Hermann. Theological Dictionary of the New Testament IV. Diedit oleh Gerhard Kittel dan Gerhard Friedrich. Diterjemahkan oleh Geoffrey G. Bromiley. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1967. Libronix 3.

Suryabrata, Sumadi, dan Restu Kartiko Widi. Asas Metodologi Penelitian: Sebuah Pengenalan dan Penuntun Langkah demi Langkah Pelaksanaan Penelitian. Yogyakarta: Graha Ilmu, 2010.

Susman, Elizabeth J., dan Alan Rogol. “Puberty and Psychological Development.” Dalam Handbook of Adolescent Psychology, diedit oleh Richard M. Lerner dan Laurence Steinberg, 15–44. 2 ed. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, 2004. Adobe PDF ebook. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/9780471726746.ch2

Tanudjaja, Rahmiati. Kuliah Teologi Sistematika. Malang: SAAT, 2014.

Taris, Toon W., dan Gün R. Semin. “Passing on the Faith: How Mother-Child Communication Influences Transmission of Moral Values.” Journal of Moral Education 26, no. 2 (1997): 211–221. Diakses 18 Desember 2017. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0305724970260208. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/0305724970260208

Utley, Bob. How It All Began: Genesis 1–11. Marshall: Bible Lessons International, 2001.

van IJzendoorn, Marinus H., dan Abraham Sagi-Schwartz. “Cross-Cultural Patterns of Attachment.” Dalam Handbook of Attachment: Theory, Research, and Clinical Applications, diedit oleh Jude Cassidy dan Phillip R. Shaver, 880–905. Ed. ke-2. New York: Guilford, 2008. Adobe PDF ebook.

Weems, Carl F., Steven L. Berman, Wendy K. Silverman, dan Eileen T. Rodriguez. “The Relation between Anxiety Sensitivity and Attachment Style in Adolescence and Early Adulthood.” Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment 24, no. 3 (2002): 159–168. Diakses 14 September 2017. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1016058600416. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1016058600416

Weigert, Andrew J., dan Darwin L. Thomas. “Parental Support, Control and Adolescent Religiousity: An Extension of Previous Research.” Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 11, no. 4 (1972): 389–393. Diakses 28 September 2017. ATLA Serials. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/1384679

Weinfield, Nancy S., Alan L. Sroufe, Byron Egeland, dan Elizabeth Carlson. “Individual Differences in Infant–Caregiver Attachment: Conceptual and Empirical Aspects of Security.” Dalam Handbook of Attachment: Theory, Research, and Clinical Applications, diedit oleh Jude Cassidy dan Phillip R. Shaver, 78–101. Ed. ke-2. New York: Guilford, 2008. Adobe PDF ebook.

Widi, Restu Kartiko. Asas Metodologi Penelitian: Sebuah Pengenalan dan Penuntun Langkah demi Langkah Pelaksanaan Penelitian. Yogyakarta: Graha Ilmu, 2010.

Wenham, Gordon J. Genesis 1-15. Word Biblical Commentary 1. Dallas: Word, 2002. Libronix 3.

Williams, Susan K., dan F. Donald Kelly. “Relationships Among Involvement, Attachment, and Behavioral Problems in Adolescence: Examining Father’s Influence.” Journal of Early Adolescence 25, no. 2 (2005): 168–196. Diakses 16 April 2018. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0272431604274178. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0272431604274178

Wong, Y. Joel, Lynn Rew, dan Kristina D. Slaikeu. “A Systematic Review of Recent Research on Adolescent Religiosity/Spirituality and Mental Health.” Issues in Mental Health Nursing 27, no. 2 (2006): 161–183. Diakses 23 Oktober 2017. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01612840500436941. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/01612840500436941

Youniss, James, Jeffrey A. McLellan, dan Miranda Yates. “Religion, Community Service, and Identity in American Youth.” Journal of Adolescence 22 (1999): 243–253. Diakses 28 November 2017. http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/jado.1999.0214. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1006/jado.1999.0214

Published

11-10-2019

How to Cite

Dewi, Enny, Aileen P. Mamahit, and Rahmiati Tanudjaja. “Relationship Between Parental Attachment and Faith Support With Adolescent Religiosity”. Veritas: Jurnal Teologi dan Pelayanan 18, no. 1 (October 11, 2019): 69–103. Accessed December 2, 2022. https://ojs.seabs.ac.id/index.php/Veritas/article/view/326.

Issue

Section

Articles