Transtemporal Church: Revisiting the Unity of the Dead, the Living, and the Unborn as Communio Sanctorum

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.36421/veritas.v22i1.629

Keywords:

Transtemporal Church, Communio Sanctorum, The Saints, The Dead, The Living, The Unborn, Eternity, Aeviternity, Tempiternity

Abstract

The unity of the church across time is implied in the introductory sentence before the recitation of the Apostles’ Creed in a typical church service. However, it seems that it is still not clearly discussed in the church; thus it is still very opaque when people are asked to explain the position of the dead, the living, and the unborn as a community. This paper aims to discuss the unity of Christian fellowship across time; that is, the participation of the dead and the unborn in Christian fellowship. The author argues that the Christian community encompasses all three: the dead, the living, and the future as one. By comparing the concept of communio sanctorum from Dietrich Bonhoeffer and Elizabeth Johnson, as well as time encompassing past, present, and future, the author builds a conversation about the church as a transtemporal community.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Aquinas, Thomas. The Summa Theologica of St. Tho¬mas Aquinas. Edisi kedua dan revisi. Diterjemahkan oleh Fathers of the English Dominican Province. London: Burns Oates & Washbourne, 1920.

Banks, Robert. Paul’s Idea of Community: The Early House Churches in Their Historical Setting. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1980.

Boff, Leonardo. Come, Holy Spirit: Inner Fire, Giver of Life, and Comforter of the Poor. Maryknoll: Orbis Books, 2015.

Bonhoeffer, Dietrich. Sanctorum Communio: A Dogmatic Inquiry into the Sociology of the Church. London: Collins, 1963.

Catechism of the Catholic Church. Vatican City: Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 1994. https://www.vatican.va/archive/ENG0015/_INDEX.HTM.

Gordon, Bruce dan Peter Marshall. “Introduction: Placing the Dead in Late Medieval and Early Modern Europe.” Dalam The Place of the Dead: Death and Remembrance in Late Medieval and Early Modern Europe. Diedit oleh Bruce dan Peter Marshall Gordon, 1–16. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.

Gouvea, F. Q. “Communion of Saints.” Dalam Evangelical Dictionary of Theology. Edisi ketiga. Diedit oleh Daniel J. Treier dan Walter A. Elwell, 198. Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2017.

Hogue, David A. Remembering the Future, Imagining the Past: Story, Ritual, and the Human Brain. Eugene: Wipf and Stock Publishers, 2009.

Hoye, William J. Divine Being and Its Relevance According to Thomas Aquinas. Leiden: Brill, 2019. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1163/9789004413993

Johnson, Elizabeth A. Abounding in Kindness: Writings for the People of God. Maryknoll: Orbis Books, 2015.

Johnson, Elizabeth A. Friends of God and Prophets: A Feminist Theological Reading of the Communion of Saints. London: SCM Press, 2009.

Kärkkäinen, Veli-Matti. An Introduction to Ecclesiology: Historical, Global, and Interreligious Perspectives. Edisi kedua. Downers Grove: IVP Academic, 2021.

Koffeman, Leo J. In Order to Serve: An Ecumenical Introduction to Church Polity. Zurich: Lit Verlag, 2014.

Mardiatmadja, B. S., and Alpius Pasulu. “Eklesiologi.” Kamus Gereja Dan Teologi Kristen. Jakarta: BPK Gunung Mulia, 2021.

McGrath, Alister E. Historical Theology : An Introduction to the History of Christian Thought. Edisi kedua. Malden: Wiley-Blackwell, 2013.

McKeever, James. The Future Revealed. Medford: Omega Publications, 1988.

Myers, Edward. “The Mystical Body of Christ.” Dalam The Teaching of the Catholic Church: A Summary of Catholic Doctrine. Edisi kedua. Diedit oleh George D. Smith, 659–690. London: Burns & Oates Publishers, 1956.

Nkansah, J. O. “Imagination.” Dalam Evangelical Dictionary of Theology. Edisi ketiga. Diedit oleh Daniel J. Treier dan Walter A. Elwell, 418. Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2017.

Panikkar, Raimon. The Rhythm of Being: The Gifford Lectures. Maryknoll: Orbis Books, 2010.

Panikkar, Raimon. Worship and Secular Man. Maryknoll: Orbis Books, 1973.

Peters, Ted. “Eschatology: Eternal Now or Cosmic Future?” Zygon: Journal of Religion and Science 36, no. 2 (June 21, 2001): 349–356. https://doi.org/10.1111/0591-2385.00364. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/0591-2385.00364

Porter, Stanley E. “Eternity, Eternal.” Dictionary of the Later New Testament and Its Development. Diedit oleh Ralph P. Martin dan Peter H. Davids. Downers Grove: IVP Academic, 1997.

Quacquarelli, A., and V. Grossi. “Memory.” Encyclopedia of Ancient Christianity. Diedit oleh Angelo Di Berardino. Downers Grove: IVP Academic, 2014. Diakses 30 Mei 2022. https://dtl-idm-oclc-org.gldtl.idm.oclc.org/login?url=https://search.credoreference.com/content/entry/ivpacaac/memory/0?institutionId=8909.

Sauter, Gerhard. “Protestant Theology.” Dalam The Oxford Handbook of Eschatology. Diedit oleh Jerry L. Walls, 248-262. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195170498.003.14

Schmidt, Alvin J. “Saints.” Dalam The Encyclopedia of Christian Civilization. Diedit oleh George Thomas Kurian. Malden: Wiley-Blackwell, 2012. Diakses 5 Juni 2022. https://dtl-idm-oclc-org.gldtl.idm.oclc.org/login?url=https://search.credoreference.com/content/entry/wileyenchci/saints/0?institutionId=8909.

Sheed, Frank. Theology and Sanity. London: Aeterna Press, 2015.

Widiasih, Ester Pudjo. “The Ritualization of Remembering the Dead among the Christian Javanese: A Study of Liturgical Contextualization in a Reformed Church in Indonesia.” Disertasi Ph.D., Drew University, 2012.

World Council of Churches. “Baptism, Eucharist and Ministry.” Geneva: WCC Publications, 1982.

World Council of Churches. The Church: Towards a Common Vision. Geneva: WCC Publications, 2013.

Yohanes Paulus II. “Dominum et Vivificantem: On the Holy Spirit in the Life of the Church and the World.” Diakses 2 Mei 2022. https://www.vatican.va/content/john-paul-ii/en/encyclicals/documents/hf_jp-ii_enc_18051986_dominum-et-vivificantem.html.

Published

13-06-2023

How to Cite

Sitanggang, Eunice Abigail. “Transtemporal Church: Revisiting the Unity of the Dead, the Living, and the Unborn As Communio Sanctorum”. Veritas: Jurnal Teologi dan Pelayanan 22, no. 1 (June 13, 2023): 161–174. Accessed March 1, 2024. https://ojs.seabs.ac.id/index.php/Veritas/article/view/629.

Issue

Section

Articles